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HOW OVERDRYING WOOD REDUCES ITS BONDING TO PHENOL-FORMALDEHYDE ADHESIVES : A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE . PART I . PHYSICAL RESPONSES
This review critically evaluates literature on the ways in which excessive drying (overdrying) inactivates wood surfaces to bonding, primarily for phenolic adhesives. In Part I of a two-part review,Expand
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Differential scanning calorimetry of phenol-formaldehyde resols
Differential scanning calorimetry was used on a range of synthesized phenol–formaldehyde (PF) resols to discover relationships between formulation parameters or physical properties of resols, andExpand
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Phenol–formaldehyde resin curing and bonding in steam‐injection pressing. I. Resin synthesis, characterization, and cure behavior
Two different phenol–formaldehyde (PF) resole resins are serving as models in a study aimed at establishing the effects of moisture, temperature, pressure, and time on resin cure and bonding duringExpand
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Resorcinol–formaldehyde reactions in dilute solution observed by carbon-13 NMR spectroscopy†
A recently discovered coupling agent, hydroxymethylated resorcinol (HMR), based on resorcinol-formaldehyde, can greatly enhance wood-to-epoxy resin bond durability in exterior applications. However,Expand
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A three point bend test for fibre-reinforced composites
Abstract The effect of fabrication and testing variables on the three point bend testing of glass fibre-reinforced polyester resin composites has been investigated. The volume fraction of fibres inExpand
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Differential scanning calorimetry of the effects of temperature and humidity on phenol-formaldehyde resin cure
Phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin is a widely used adhesive in the manufacture of wood composites. However, curing behaviour of the resin under various environmental conditions is not well known. AExpand
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Diagnostic guide for evaluating surface distortions in veneered furniture and cabinetry
Manufacturers and installers of wood-veneered furniture and cabinetry sometimes find that their products eventually develop surface distortions, characterized by either buckling or cracking of theExpand
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A Novolak-Based Hydroxymethylated Resorcinol Coupling Agent for Wood Bonding
A hydroxymethylated resorcinol (HMR) coupling agent was previously shown to enhance the exterior du­ rability of epoxy and one-part polyurethane bonds to wood and of phenol-resorcinol-formaldehydeExpand
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Phenol-Formaldehyde Resin Curing and Bonding in Steam-Injection Pressing. Part II. Differences Between Rates of Chemical and Mechanical Responses to Resin Cure
Summary Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were applied to samples of phenol-formoldehyde resole resins that had been previously exposed to dry precureExpand
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Cure of Phenol-Formaldehyde Adhesive in the Presence of CCA-Treated Wood by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Chromated copper arsenate (CCA) preservatives interfere with bond formation of phenolic-based adhesives on CCA-treated southern pine. Ions of chromium (Cr +3 ) and copper (Cu +2 ) are known toExpand
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