Perceiving numbers causes spatial shifts of attention
- M. H. Fischer, A. Castel, Michael D. Dodd, J. Pratt
- Psychology, BiologyNature Neuroscience
- 1 June 2003
It is shown that merely looking at numbers causes a shift in covert attention to the left or right side, depending upon the number's magnitude, which implies obligatory activation of number meaning and signals a tight coupling of internal and external representations of space.
Memory predictions are influenced by perceptual information: evidence for metacognitive illusions.
Highly accessible perceptual cues can strongly influence JOLs, likely via encoding fluency, and this effect can lead to metacognitive illusions.
The effects of action video game experience on the time course of inhibition of return and the efficiency of visual search.
Seeing is believing: The effect of brain images on judgments of scientific reasoning
The Adaptive and Strategic Use of Memory By Older Adults: Evaluative Processing and Value-Directed Remembering
- A. Castel
Memory for grocery prices in younger and older adults: the role of schematic support.
- A. Castel
- PsychologyPsychology and Aging
- 1 December 2005
The results suggest that when older adults can rely on prior knowledge and schematic support, and tasks involve naturalistic materials, memory for associative information can be as good as that of younger adults.
Metacognition and learning about primacy and recency effects in free recall: The utilization of intrinsic and extrinsic cues when making judgments of learning
- A. Castel
- PsychologyMemory & Cognition
- 1 March 2008
Examination of how participants use serial position information (extrinsic cues) when making JOLs after studying each item showed that participants rely on the intrinsic qualities of the items and underestimate primacy and recency effects.
The effects of aging and divided attention on memory for item and associative information.
A differentially greater associative decrement was found for the older adults, as shown by their heightened tendency to make false-alarm responses to re-paired (conjunction) distractors.
When disfluency is—and is not—a desirable difficulty: The influence of typeface clarity on metacognitive judgments and memory
This study suggests a boundary condition for the desirable difficulty of perceptual disfluency and indicates that a visual distortion, such as blurring a word, may not always induce the deeper processing necessary to create a perceptual-interference effect.
Metacognitive illusions for auditory information: Effects on monitoring and control
The findings of this study indicate that highly accessible auditory information is integrated into JOLs and restudy choices, even when this information does not influence actual memory performance.