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Symbiotic digestion of lignocellulose in termite guts
  • A. Brune
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Nature Reviews Microbiology
  • 1 March 2014
Their ability to degrade lignocellulose gives termites an important place in the carbon cycle. This ability relies on their partnership with a diverse community of bacterial, archaeal and eukaryoticExpand
“Methanoplasmatales,” Thermoplasmatales-Related Archaea in Termite Guts and Other Environments, Are the Seventh Order of Methanogens
ABSTRACT The Euryarchaeota comprise both methanogenic and nonmethanogenic orders and many lineages of uncultivated archaea with unknown properties. One of these deep-branching lineages, distantlyExpand
The Termite Gut Microflora as an Oxygen Sink: Microelectrode Determination of Oxygen and pH Gradients in Guts of Lower and Higher Termites.
Clark-type oxygen microelectrodes and glass pH microelectrodes, each with a tip diameter of <=10 (mu)m, were used to obtain high-resolution profiles of oxygen concentrations and pH values in isolatedExpand
Role of Microorganisms in the Digestion of Lignocellulose by Termites
Photosynthetic fixation of carbon dioxide in our biosphere yields approxi­ mately 136 X lOIS g of dry plant material annually, which represents Earth's most abundant form of biomass (88). Two majorExpand
The Cockroach Origin of the Termite Gut Microbiota: Patterns in Bacterial Community Structure Reflect Major Evolutionary Events
ABSTRACT Termites digest wood and other lignocellulosic substrates with the help of their intestinal microbiota. While the functions of the symbionts in the digestive process are slowly emerging, theExpand
Microbial Community Structure in Midgut and Hindgut of the Humus-Feeding Larva of Pachnoda ephippiata (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
ABSTRACT The guts of soil-feeding macroinvertebrates contain a complex microbial community that is involved in the transformation of ingested soil organic matter. In a companion paper (T. Lemke, U.Expand
Life at the oxic-anoxic interface: microbial activities and adaptations.
Molecular oxygen is one of the most important reactants in biogeochemical cycles. Due to its low solubility in water, the consumption of oxygen leads to the development of oxic-anoxic interfaces,Expand
The Gut Microbiota of Termites: Digesting the Diversity in the Light of Ecology and Evolution.
Termite guts harbor a dense and diverse microbiota that is essential for symbiotic digestion. The major players in lower termites are unique lineages of cellulolytic flagellates, whereas higherExpand
Electron shuttling via humic acids in microbial iron(III) reduction in a freshwater sediment.
The biological and chemical potential for electron shuttling via humic acids was evaluated by analyzing the depth distribution of humic-acid-reducing and iron-reducing bacteria in a freshwaterExpand
Anaerobic and aerobic oxidation of ferrous iron at neutral pH by chemoheterotrophic nitrate-reducing bacteria
Nine out of ten anaerobic enrichment cultures inoculated with sediment samples from various freshwater, brackish-water, and marine sediments exhibited ferrous iron oxidation in mineral media withExpand