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Diffusion coefficients and solubility coefficients for gases in biological fluids and tissues: a review.
Based on a review of 166 references for diffusion and solubility coefficients in biological fluids and tissues, we have tabulated experimental values for the gases Ar, CO2, H2, He, N2, Ne, N2O, O2,Expand
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Nos inhibition increases bubble formation and reduces survival in sedentary but not exercised rats
Previously we have shown that chronic as well as a single bout of exercise 20 h prior to a simulated dive protects rats from severe decompression illness (DCI) and death. However, the mechanismExpand
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Exercise and nitric oxide prevent bubble formation: a novel approach to the prevention of decompression sickness?
Nitrogen dissolves in the blood during dives, but comes out of solution if divers return to normal pressure too rapidly. Nitrogen bubbles cause a range of effects from skin rashes to seizures, comaExpand
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Time-course of endothelial adaptation following acute and regular exercise
Background Regular exercise training has emerged as a powerful tool to improve endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation. However, little is known about the magnitude of change and the permanence ofExpand
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A single air dive reduces arterial endothelial function in man
During and after decompression from dives, gas bubbles are regularly observed in the right ventricular outflow tract. A number of studies have documented that these bubbles can lead to endothelialExpand
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Venous air embolism in swine: transport of gas bubbles through the pulmonary circulation.
The assumption that the lung is an effective filter for gas bubbles is of importance for certain occupations (e.g., divers, astronauts) as well as in the accomplishment of several medical procedures.Expand
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Agreement between trained and untrained observers in grading intravascular bubble signals in ultrasonic images.
In our experience, it is easier to identify gas bubbles in ultrasonic images than in aural Doppler signals. To verify this, we asked 27 observers with no previous training to estimate the quantity ofExpand
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Aerobic endurance training reduces bubble formation and increases survival in rats exposed to hyperbaric pressure
1 The formation of bubbles is the basis for injury to divers after decompression, a condition known as decompression illness. In the present study we investigated the effect of endurance training inExpand
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Antioxidant pretreatment and reduced arterial endothelial dysfunction after diving.
INTRODUCTION We have recently shown that a single air dive leads to acute arterial vasodilation and impairment of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in humans. Additionally we have found thatExpand
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The effects of acute oral antioxidants on diving‐induced alterations in human cardiovascular function
Diving‐induced acute alterations in cardiovascular function such as arterial endothelial dysfunction, increased pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and reduced heart function have been recently reported.Expand
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