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A Marine Biotic Index to Establish the Ecological Quality of Soft-Bottom Benthos Within European Estuarine and Coastal Environments
In this paper, a marine Biotic Index (BI) for soft-bottom benthos of European estuarine and coastal environments is proposed. This is derived from the proportions of individual abundance in fiveExpand
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The European Water Framework Directive at the age of 10: a critical review of the achievements with recommendations for the future.
The European Water Framework Directive (WFD), which was adopted in 2000, changed water management in all member states of the European Union fundamentally, putting aquatic ecology at the base ofExpand
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Three hundred ways to assess Europe's surface waters: An almost complete overview of biological methods to implement the Water Framework Directive
Abstract According to the Water Framework Directive (WFD), the status of European surface waters is assessed using aquatic organism groups. Here we present an overview of 297 assessment methods,Expand
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Marine management--towards an integrated implementation of the European Marine Strategy Framework and the Water Framework Directives.
We propose an integrative approach for the environmental status assessment, within the MSFD. Expand
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The European water framework directive: A challenge for nearshore, coastal and continental shelf research
Abstract The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) establishes a framework for the protection of groundwater, inland surface waters, estuarine waters, and coastal waters. The WFD constitutes a newExpand
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Overview of eutrophication indicators to assess environmental status within the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive
In 2009, following approval of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD, 2008/56/EC), the European Commission (EC) created task groups to develop guidance for eleven quality descriptorsExpand
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Medium- and Long-term Recovery of Estuarine and Coastal Ecosystems: Patterns, Rates and Restoration Effectiveness
Many estuarine and coastal marine ecosystems have increasingly experienced degradation caused by multiple stressors. Anthropogenic pressures alter natural ecosystems and the ecosystems are notExpand
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The use of benthic indicators in Europe: from the Water Framework Directive to the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
We have tackled the following principles: the ecosystem-based approach, the development of benthic indicators, the definition of 'pristine' or sustainable conditions, the detection of pressures and the Development of monitoring programs. Expand
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Assessing estuarine benthic quality conditions in Chesapeake Bay: A comparison of three indices
Abstract Legislation in US and Europe has been adopted to determine the ecological integrity of estuarine and coastal waters, including, as one of the most relevant elements, the benthicExpand
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The importance of setting targets and reference conditions in assessing marine ecosystem quality
Abstract Assessing benthic quality status of marine and transitional water habitats requires to set up both: (i) tools (i.e. indices) to assess the relative quality of the considered habitat, andExpand
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