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The impact of manuring on nitrogen isotope ratios in cereals: archaeological implications for reconstruction of diet and crop management practices
The results from two long-term experiments demonstrate that manuring significantly raises δ 15 N in cereal grain and chaff, and of charring on these cereal values, and indicates that human diets with a major component of such grain would conventionally be interpreted as indicating a largely animal-based diet or a mixed plant/animal diet. Expand
Neolithic Farming in Central Europe: An Archaeobotanical Study of Crop Husbandry Practices
Introduction 1. The Study Area and its Archaeological ackground 2. Models of Crop Husbandry in Neolithic Central Europe 3. The Key Variables of Permanence, Intensity and Seasonality and their WiderExpand
The plant traits that drive ecosystems: Evidence from three continents
Whether the screening techniques remain operational in widely contrasted circumstances, to test for the existence of axes of variation in the particular sets of traits, and for their links with ‘harder’ traits of proven importance to ecosystem functioning are discovered. Expand
The plant traits that drive ecosystems: Evidence from three continents
Abstract Question: A set of easily-measured (‘soft’) plant traits has been identified as potentially useful predictors of ecosystem functioning in previous studies. Here we aimed to discover whetherExpand
Manuring and stable nitrogen isotope ratios in cereals and pulses : towards a new archaeobotanical approach to the inference of land use and dietary practices
This paper explores the impact of animal manure application on the δ15N values of a broad range of crops (cereals and pulses), under a range of manuring levels/regimes and at a series of locationsExpand
Neolithic agriculture on the European western frontier: the boom and bust of early farming in Ireland
A multi-disciplinary study assessing the evidence for agriculture in Neolithic Ireland is presented, examining the timing, extent and nature of settlement and farming. Bayesian analyses ofExpand
‘Garden agriculture’ and the nature of early farming in Europe and the Near East
This paper takes a comparative approach to early farming, arguing that bioarchaeological work on Neolithic Europe can inform understanding of earlier cultivation and herding in the Near East, whereExpand
Crop manuring and intensive land management by Europe’s first farmers
Previously undescribed stable isotope determinations of charred cereals and pulses from 13 Neolithic sites across Europe show that early farmers used livestock manure and water management to enhance crop yields and suggest that commonly applied paleodietary interpretations of human and herbivore δ15N values have systematically underestimated the contribution of crop-derived protein to early farmer diets. Expand
Stable carbon isotope analysis as a direct means of inferring crop water status and water management practices
Stable carbon isotope analysis of plant remains is a promising tool for researchers studying palaeoclimate and past agricultural systems. The potential of the technique is clear: it offers a directExpand
Private pantries and celebrated surplus: storing and sharing food at Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Central Anatolia
In the Neolithic megasite at Çatalhöyük families lived side by side in conjoined dwellings, like a pueblo. It can be assumed that people were always in and out of each others' houses – in this caseExpand