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Molecular mechanistic origin of the toughness of natural adhesives, fibres and composites
Natural materials are renowned for their strength and toughness,,,,. Spider dragline silk has a breakage energy per unit weight two orders of magnitude greater than high tensile steel,, and isExpand
Virus-Enabled Synthesis and Assembly of Nanowires for Lithium Ion Battery Electrodes
The selection and assembly of materials are central issues in the development of smaller, more flexible batteries. Cobalt oxide has shown excellent electrochemical cycling properties and is thusExpand
Molecular Cloning and Characterization of Lustrin A, a Matrix Protein from Shell and Pearl Nacre of Haliotis rufescens *
A specialized extracellular matrix of proteins and polysaccharides controls the morphology and packing of calcium carbonate crystals and becomes occluded within the mineralized composite duringExpand
Selection of peptides with semiconductor binding specificity for directed nanocrystal assembly
In biological systems, organic molecules exert a remarkable level of control over the nucleation and mineral phase of inorganic materials such as calcium carbonate and silica, and over the assemblyExpand
Control of crystal phase switching and orientation by soluble mollusc-shell proteins
IN the initial stages of the biomineralization of abalone shells, a primer layer of oriented calcite crystals grows on a nucleating protein sheet1,2. The deposition of this primer is followed by anExpand
Kinesin's cover-neck bundle folds forward to generate force
Each step of the kinesin motor involves a force-generating molecular rearrangement. Although significant progress has been made in elucidating the broad features of the kinesin mechanochemical cycle,Expand
Bacterial biosynthesis of cadmium sulfide nanocrystals.
Semiconductor nanocrystals, which have unique optical and electronic properties, have potential for applications in the emerging field of nanoelectronics. To produce nanocrystals cheaply andExpand
Ordering of Quantum Dots Using Genetically Engineered Viruses
A liquid crystal system was used for the fabrication of a highly ordered composite material from genetically engineered M13 bacteriophage and zinc sulfide (ZnS) nanocrystals. The bacteriophage, whichExpand
Does Abalone Nacre Form by Heteroepitaxial Nucleation or by Growth through Mineral Bridges
We present experimental support for a model of abalone nacre growth that is based on mineral bridges between successive aragonite tablets rather than on heteroepitaxial nucleation. InterlamellarExpand
Virus-Based Toolkit for the Directed Synthesis of Magnetic and Semiconducting Nanowires
We report a virus-based scaffold for the synthesis of single-crystal ZnS, CdS, and freestanding chemically ordered CoPt and FePt nanowires, with the means of modifying substrate specificity throughExpand