An inventory for measuring depression.
- A. Beck, C. Ward, M. Mendelson, J. Mock, J. Erbaugh
- PsychologyArchives of General Psychiatry
- 1 June 1961
The difficulties inherent in obtaining consistent and adequate diagnoses for the purposes of research and therapy have been pointed out and a wide variety of psychiatric rating scales have been developed.
An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties.
- A. Beck, N. Epstein, G. Brown, R. Steer
- Psychology, MedicineJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
- 1 December 1988
Un nouvel inventaire auto-administre destine a mesurer l'anxiete pathologique, le «Beck Anxiety Cheklist» (BAI) est decrit, evalue et compare au «Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale» (test avec lequel des…
Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory: Twenty-five years of evaluation
Comparison of Beck Depression Inventories -IA and -II in psychiatric outpatients.
The amended (revised) Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-IA) and theBeck Depression Inventory-II (BDi-II) were self-administered to 140 psychiatric outpatients with various psychiatric disorders.
The measurement of pessimism: the hopelessness scale.
- A. Beck, A. Weissman, D. Lester, L. Trexler
- PsychologyJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
- 1 December 1974
A scale designed to quantify hopelessness was administered to several diverse samples of patients to assess its psychometric properties. This scale was found to have a high degree of internal…
Depression: Causes and Treatment
Beck Depression Inventory–II
Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders
- A. Beck
Is the emotionally disturbed person a victim of forces beyond his awareness, over which he has no control? This is the belief on which neuropsychiatry, psychoanalysis, and behaviour therapy are all…
Assessment of suicidal intention: the Scale for Suicide Ideation.
The SSI scale was found to have high internal consistency and moderately high correlations with clinical ratings of suicidal risk and self-administered measures of self-harm, and it was sensitive to changes in levels of depression and hopelessness over time.