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The evolutionary ecology of ant-plant mutualisms
Preface 1. Introduction 2. Origins and early evolution of ant-plant mutualisms 3. Plant protection by direct interaction 4. Plant protection by indirect interaction 5. Myrmecotrophy 6. The dispersalExpand
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Spatial scaling of microbial eukaryote diversity
Patterns in the spatial distribution of organisms provide important information about mechanisms that regulate the diversity of life and the complexity of ecosystems. Although microorganisms mayExpand
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MYRMECOCHORY IN VIOLA: DYNAMICS OF SEED-ANT INTERACTIONS IN SOME WEST VIRGINIA SPECIES
SUMMARY (1) The interactions of ants and diplochorous Viola seeds were studied at four forest and forest-edge sites in Monongahela National Forest, West Virginia. Of the nine Viola species studied,Expand
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Invertebrate Morphospecies as Surrogates for Species: A Case Study
Environmental monitoring and conservation evaluation in terrestrial habitats may be enhanced by the use of invertebrate inventories, but taxonomic and logistic constraints frequently encounteredExpand
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Designing a Cost‐Effective Invertebrate Survey: A Test of Methods for Rapid Assessment of Biodiversity
We investigated three procedures that may lead to rapid and accurate assessment of epigaeic arthropod biodiversity. They are: (1) the identification of taxa whose diversity is correlated with that ofExpand
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A Possible Method for the Rapid Assessment of Biodiversity
Inventories of vertebrate and flowering plants are frequently used as surrogates for estimates of total biodiversity. This is in part because the inclusion of invertebrates and nonflowering plants isExpand
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Vascular Plant Diversity as a Surrogate for Bryophyte and Lichen Diversity
An important issue in conservation biology is the extent to which one group of organisms can function as a surrogate for less well-known groups. We explored the extent to which vascular plant speciesExpand
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The Guild of Myrmecochores in the Herbaceous Flora of West Virginia Forests
Analysis of herbaceous vegetation and ant activity in random quadrats from 10 forest sites in West Virginia, USA, shows that ant-dispersed (myrmecochorous) plant species constitute about 30% of theExpand
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Effectiveness of Biodiversity Surrogates for Conservation Planning: Different Measures of Effectiveness Generate a Kaleidoscope of Variation
Conservation planners represent many aspects of biodiversity by using surrogates with spatial distributions readily observed or quantified, but tests of their effectiveness have produced varied andExpand
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Directed Dispersal: Demographic Analysis of an Ant-Seed Mutualism
Certain seed dispersers may benefit plants by depositing seeds in specific microsites favorable for survival or growth. This has been called "directed dispersal." We examine the effects of seedExpand
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