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Natural enemies of the South American moth, Tuta absoluta, in Europe, North Africa and Middle East, and their potential use in pest control strategies
Among the recovered indigenous natural enemies, only few parasitoid species, namely, some eulophid and braconid wasps, and especially mirid predators, have promising potential to be included in effective and environmentally friendly management strategies for the pest in the newly invaded areas.
Effect of cold storage on the performance of Telenomus busseolae Gahan (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), an egg parasitoid of Sesamia nonagrioides (Lefebvre) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
This study suggests that T. busseolae adults were successfully stored up to 12 weeks although some reduction in percent parasitism occurred at both temperatures, and cold storage had a significant adverse effect on mean adult emergence.
Sub-lethal effects of two pyrethroids on biological parameters and behavioral responses to host cues in the egg parasitoid Telenomus busseolae
Possible consequences of treating maize with cyfluthrin or deltamethrin on the effectiveness of surviving T. busseolae in the field are discussed and sub-lethal effects of pyrethroids on parasitoid arrestment behaviors were evaluated in an open arena containing abdominal scales from virgin female moths.
Origin and taxonomic status of the Palearctic population of the stem borer Sesamia nonagrioides (Lefèbvre) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
The data suggest that natural colonization of the Palearctic region was more plausible than human introduction and the main species concepts were in agreement, leading to the conclusion that the three populations are still conspecific.
Distributions of western flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and its predatory bug Orius niger (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) assessed by coloured sticky traps and plant samplings in cotton
It is suggested that top flowers could be preferentially sampled to determine population densities of Frankliniella flower thrips and Orius species in cotton, and thus, sticky traps should be placed on the top level of plants.
Sex allocation in Telenomus busseolae, a solitary parasitoid of concealed eggs: the influence of host patch size
The influence of host patch size on the sex ratio and sex sequence pattern of ovipositing T. busseolae was investigated using Sesamia nonagrioides (Lefebvre) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) as host, and results are similar to those described for other parasitoids of aggregated hosts.
Factors associated with mortality of the overwintering generation ofSesamia nonagrioides under field conditions
Factors affecting overwintering mortality in the Mediterranean corn stalk borer, S. nonagrioides Lefebvre, were investigated under field conditions in the southeast Mediterranean region of Turkey and parasitism level was 11% in both years of the study.
Lethal and sublethal effects of preimaginal treatments with two pyrethroids on the life history of the egg parasitoid Telenomus busseolae
The results indicate that, in addition to lethal effects, sublethal effects should also be considered when evaluating insecticide consequences on non-targets.
cis-Jasmone treatments affect pests and beneficial insects of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): the influence of doses and plant growth stages
Findings indicate cis-Jasmone treatment may be used to reduce some insect pest populations and manipulate some natural enemy species under field conditions.
Egg and larval parasitoids of the beet armywormSpodoptera exigua on maize in Turkey
E egg and larval parasitoids of the beet armywormSpodoptera exigua Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) are determined, which is an important but sporadic pest in Turkey, and parasitoid activity was insufficient to counterbalance the population growth of the pest on subsequent second crop maize.