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The Development of Implicit Attitudes
To understand the origin and development of implicit attitudes, we measured race attitudes in White American 6-year-olds, 10-year-olds, and adults by first developing a child-oriented version of theExpand
Consequences of "minimal" group affiliations in children.
Three experiments (total N=140) tested the hypothesis that 5-year-old children's membership in randomly assigned "minimal" groups would be sufficient to induce intergroup bias. Children were randomlyExpand
From American city to Japanese village: a cross-cultural investigation of implicit race attitudes.
This study examined the development of implicit race attitudes in American and Japanese children and adults. Implicit ingroup bias was present early in both populations, and remained stable at eachExpand
The development of implicit intergroup cognition
Challenging the view that implicit social cognition emerges from protracted social learning, research now suggests that intergroup preferences are present at adultlike levels in early childhood.Expand
Children and social groups: A developmental analysis of implicit consistency in Hispanic Americans
We investigated the development of three aspects of implicit social cognition (self-esteem, group identity, and group attitude) and their interrelationships in Hispanic American children (ages 5 toExpand
Constraints on the Development of Implicit Intergroup Attitudes
Implicit attitudes form in the 1st years of life and change little across development. By age 6, children's implicit intergroup attitudes are sensitive to the cultural standing of their groupExpand
Science Is Awe-Some: The Emotional Antecedents of Science Learning
Scientists from Einstein to Sagan have linked emotions like awe with the motivation for scientific inquiry, but no research has tested this possibility. Theoretical and empirical work from affectiveExpand
Malleability of implicit associations across development.
The prevalence of implicit intergroup bias in adults underscores the importance of knowing when during development such biases are most amenable to change. Although research suggests that implicitExpand
Infants use relative numerical group size to infer social dominance
Significance The ability to detect dominance relationships is essential for survival because it helps individuals weigh the potential costs and benefits of engaging in a physical competition. Here weExpand