ECOLOGY OF WHALE FALLS AT THE DEEP-SEA FLOOR
The falls of large whales (30-160 t adult body weight) yield massive pulses of labile organic matter to the deep-sea floor. While scientists have long speculated on the ecological roles of such…
Predicting global habitat suitability for stony corals on seamounts
Two modelling approaches developed for presence-only data were used to predict global habitat suitability for seamount scleractinians: maximum entropy modelling (Maxent) and environmental niche factor analysis (ENFA).
High species richness in deep-sea chemoautotrophic whale skeleton communities
High species richness levels on whale skeletons and deep-sea sponge stalks suggestDeep-sea hard substrates may harbor higher levels of diversity than previously recognized.
A synthesis of genetic connectivity in deep‐sea fauna and implications for marine reserve design
- A. Baco, R. Etter, P. Ribeiro, S. Heyden, P. Beerli, B. Kinlan
- Environmental ScienceMolecular Ecology
- 1 July 2016
This work compiled population genetic studies of deep‐sea fauna and estimated dispersal distances for 51 studies using a method based on isolation‐by‐distance slopes to provide the first rough estimate of the range of disperseal distances in the deep sea.
Major impacts of climate change on deep-sea benthic ecosystems
The deep sea encompasses the largest ecosystems on Earth. Although poorly known, deep seafloor ecosystems provide services that are vitally important to the entire ocean and biosphere. Rising…
Marine ecology: Do mussels take wooden steps to deep-sea vents?
- D. Distel, A. Baco, Ellie Chuang, W. Morrill, C. Cavanaugh, C. Smith
- Environmental ScienceNature
- 17 February 2000
It is shown that several small and poorly known mussels, commonly found on sunken wood and whale bones in the deep sea, are closely related to vent and seep taxa, and that this entire group is divergent from other Mytilidae.
Hydrothermal Vents and Methane Seeps: Rethinking the Sphere of Influence
Although initially viewed as oases within a barren deep ocean, hydrothermal vent and methane seep communities are now recognized to interact with surrounding ecosystems on the sea floor and in the…
Biotic and Human Vulnerability to Projected Changes in Ocean Biogeochemistry over the 21st Century
Mora and colleagues show that ongoing greenhouse gas emissions are likely to have a considerable effect on several biogeochemical properties of the world's oceans, with potentially serious…
Diversity of Zoanthids (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) on Hawaiian Seamounts: Description of the Hawaiian Gold Coral and Additional Zoanthids
The diversity of zoanthids described or observed during this study is comparable to levels of diversity found in shallow water tropical coral reefs, symptomatic of the lack of biological exploration and taxonomic studies of the diversity of seamount hexacorals.
Seamounts as refugia from ocean acidification for cold-water stony corals
Cold-water stony corals create habitat for a diverse range of deep-water species but are thought to be threatened by ocean acidification due to oceanic uptake of anthropogenic CO2. Knowledge of the…