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Transcranial magnetic stimulation highlights the sensorimotor side of empathy for pain
This work used transcranial magnetic stimulation to record changes in corticospinal motor representations of hand muscles of individuals observing needles penetrating hands or feet of a human model or noncorporeal objects and found a reduction in amplitude of motor-evoked potentials that was specific to the muscle that subjects observed being pricked.
Empathy for pain and touch in the human somatosensory cortex.
Results indicate that the S1 is not only involved in the actual perception of pain and touch but also plays an important role in extracting somatic features from social interactions.
Their pain is not our pain: Brain and autonomic correlates of empathic resonance with the pain of same and different race individuals
These findings highlight the close link between group‐based segregation and empathic processing and demonstrate the relative influence of culturally acquired implicit attitudes and perceived similarity/familiarity with the target in shaping emotional responses to others' physical pain.
Simulating the future of actions in the human corticospinal system.
The results provide compelling evidence that the frontal component of the observation-execution matching system is preferentially activated by the anticipatory simulation of future action phases and thus plays an important role in the predictive coding of others' motor behaviors.
Low-frequency rTMS promotes use-dependent motor plasticity in chronic stroke
The findings indicate that priming PT with inhibitory rTMS is optimal to boost use-dependent plasticity and rebalance motor excitability and suggest that time-locked rT MS is a valid and promising approach for chronic stroke patients with mild motor impairment.