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Screening and prostate-cancer mortality in a randomized European study.
TLDR
PSA-based screening reduced the rate of death from prostate cancer by 20% but was associated with a high risk of overdiagnosis. Expand
Prostate-cancer mortality at 11 years of follow-up.
TLDR
Analyses after 2 additional years of follow-up consolidated the previous finding that PSA-based screening significantly reduced mortality from prostate cancer but did not affect all-cause mortality. Expand
The 15-Country Collaborative Study of Cancer Risk among Radiation Workers in the Nuclear Industry: Estimates of Radiation-Related Cancer Risks
TLDR
This is the largest analytical epidemiological study of the effects of low-dose protracted exposures to ionizing radiation to date, and shows a strong healthy worker survivor effect in these cohorts. Expand
Radon in homes and risk of lung cancer: collaborative analysis of individual data from 13 European case-control studies.
TLDR
Collectively, though not separately, these studies show appreciable hazards from residential radon, particularly for smokers and recent ex-smokers, and indicate that it is responsible for about 2% of all deaths from cancer in Europe. Expand
Radon in homes and risk of lung cancer: collaborative analysis of individual data from 13 European case-control studies
TLDR
Collectively, though not separately, these studies show appreciable hazards from residential radon, particularly for smokers and recent ex-smokers, and indicate that it is responsible for about 2% of all deaths from cancer in Europe. Expand
Renal effects of uranium in drinking water.
TLDR
Uranium exposure is weakly associated with altered proximal tubulus function without a clear threshold, which suggests that even low uranium concentrations in drinking water can cause nephrotoxic effects. Expand
Residential radon and lung cancer--detailed results of a collaborative analysis of individual data on 7148 persons with lung cancer and 14,208 persons without lung cancer from 13 epidemiologic
TLDR
These data provide firm evidence that residential radon acts as a cause of lung cancer in the general population and provide a solid basis for the formulation of policies with which to manage risk from radon and reduce deaths from the most common fatal cancer in Europe. Expand
Risk of cancer after low doses of ionising radiation: retrospective cohort study in 15 countries
TLDR
Estimates of risk of cancer after protracted low doses of ionising radiation after nuclear workers in the largest study of nuclear workers ever conducted are higher than, but statistically compatible with, the risk estimates used for current radiation protection standards. Expand
Arsenic concentrations in well water and risk of bladder and kidney cancer in Finland.
TLDR
Assessment of the levels of arsenic in drilled wells in Finland and the association of arsenic exposure with the risk of bladder and kidney cancers found some evidence of an association between arsenic and bladder cancer risk. Expand
Brain Tumors and Salivary Gland Cancers Among Cellular Telephone Users
TLDR
A register-based approach has limited value in risk assessment of cellular phone use owing to lack of information on exposure, but there was a weak association between gliomas and analog cellular phones. Expand
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