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Sucrose compared with artificial sweeteners: different effects on ad libitum food intake and body weight after 10 wk of supplementation in overweight subjects.
BACKGROUND The role of artificial sweeteners in body-weight regulation is still unclear. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of long-term supplementation with drinks and foods containing eitherExpand
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Randomized trial on protein vs carbohydrate in ad libitum fat reduced diet for the treatment of obesity
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect on weight loss in obese subjects by replacement of carbohydrate by protein in ad libitum consumed fat-reduced diets.DESIGN: Randomized dietary intervention study overExpand
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A Randomized, Controlled Trial of 3.0 mg of Liraglutide in Weight Management.
BACKGROUND Obesity is a chronic disease with serious health consequences, but weight loss is difficult to maintain through lifestyle intervention alone. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1Expand
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Redefining Type 2 diabetes: ‘Diabesity’ or ‘Obesity Dependent Diabetes Mellitus’?
  • A. Astrup, N. Finer
  • Medicine
  • Obesity reviews : an official journal of the…
  • 1 October 2000
Type 2 diabetes is considered by diabetes physicians as a complex and heterogeneous disease with a poorly understood aetiology, apart from the fact that there is a strong genetic propensity thatExpand
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Caffeine: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of its thermogenic, metabolic, and cardiovascular effects in healthy volunteers.
In humans caffeine stimulates thermogenesis by unknown mechanisms and its effect on body weight has not been studies. The effect of placebo and 100, 200, and 400 mg oral caffeine on energyExpand
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Glycemic index, glycemic load and glycemic response: An International Scientific Consensus Summit from the International Carbohydrate Quality Consortium (ICQC).
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The positive and negative health effects of dietary carbohydrates are of interest to both researchers and consumers. METHODS International experts on carbohydrate research heldExpand
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Ruminant and industrially produced trans fatty acids: health aspects
Fatty acids of trans configuration in our food come from two different sources – industrially produced partially hydrogenated fat (IP-TFA) used in frying oils, margarines, spreads, and in bakeryExpand
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Effect of fat-reduced diets on 24-h energy expenditure: comparisons between animal protein, vegetable protein, and carbohydrate.
BACKGROUND Single-meal tests have shown that protein has greater thermogenic and satiating effects than does carbohydrate, which may be relevant for the prevention and treatment of obesity if theseExpand
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Association between measures of insulin sensitivity and circulating levels of interleukin-8, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Effect of weight loss in obese men.
OBJECTIVE To study the association between anthropometric and metabolic parameters as well as the effect of weight loss on plasma levels of the adipose tissue-derived cytokines interleukin-8 (IL-8),Expand
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Meta-analysis of resting metabolic rate in formerly obese subjects.
BACKGROUND A low resting metabolic rate (RMR) for a given body size and composition is partly genetically determined and has been suggested to be a risk factor for weight gain. Moreover, a lowExpand
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