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The Relationship between Leishmaniasis and AIDS: the Second 10 Years
SUMMARY To date, most Leishmania and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection cases reported to WHO come from Southern Europe. Up to the year 2001, nearly 2,000 cases of coinfection wereExpand
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Out-of-Africa migration and Neolithic co-expansion of Mycobacterium tuberculosis with modern humans
Tuberculosis caused 20% of all human deaths in the Western world between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries and remains a cause of high mortality in developing countries. In analogy to otherExpand
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Knowledge, Health Seeking Behavior and Perceived Stigma towards Tuberculosis among Tuberculosis Suspects in a Rural Community in Southwest Ethiopia
Background Perceived stigma and lack of awareness could contribute to the late presentation and low detection rate of tuberculosis (TB). We conducted a study in rural southwest Ethiopia among TBExpand
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The Burden of Mycobacterial Disease in Ethiopian Cattle: Implications for Public Health
Background Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis, is a debilitating disease of cattle. Ethiopia has one of the largest cattle populations in the world, with an economy highlyExpand
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Incidence of invasive salmonella disease in sub-Saharan Africa: a multicentre population-based surveillance study
Summary Background Available incidence data for invasive salmonella disease in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce. Standardised, multicountry data are required to better understand the nature and burdenExpand
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High Prevalence and Increased Severity of Pathology of Bovine Tuberculosis in Holsteins Compared to Zebu Breeds under Field Cattle Husbandry in Central Ethiopia
ABSTRACT A comparative study on the prevalence and pathology of bovine tuberculosis (TB) was conducted on 5,424 cattle (2,578 zebus, 1,921 crosses, and 925 Holsteins), which were kept on pasture inExpand
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Treatment outcome of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia
BackgroundMonitoring the outcome of tuberculosis treatment and understanding the specific reasons for unsuccessful treatment outcome are important in evaluating the effectiveness of tuberculosisExpand
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Seroprevalence of Brucellosis and Q-Fever in Southeast Ethiopian Pastoral Livestock.
To assess seroprevalences of Brucella and C. burnetii in pastoral livestock in southeast Ethiopia, a cross-sectional study was carried out in three livestock species (cattle, camels and goats). TheExpand
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Identification of the Causative Organism of Tuberculous Lymphadenitis in Ethiopia by PCR
ABSTRACT Tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBLN) is a common form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis with multiple differential diagnoses. Demonstration of the etiologic agent by smear microscopy or culture ofExpand
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Risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in cattle in rural livestock production systems of Ethiopia
This study shows a representative stratified cluster sample survey of the prevalence of comparative intradermal tuberculin test in cattle from four regions in Ethiopia. Using a cut-off for positivityExpand
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