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Trans fatty acids and cardiovascular disease.
The authors consider the feasibility and potential implications of reducing or eliminating the consumption of trans fatty acids from partially hydrogenated vegetable oils in the United States.
Dietary Fiber, Glycemic Load, and Risk of NIDDM in Men
Findings support the hypothesis that diets with a high glycemic load and a low cereal fiber content increase risk of NIDDM in men and suggest that grains should be consumed in a minimally refined form to reduce the incidence of N IDDM.
Major types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of 11 cohort studies.
The associations suggest that replacing SFAs with PUFAs rather than MUFAs or carbohydrates prevents CHD over a wide range of intakes.
Prospective study of major dietary patterns and risk of coronary heart disease in men.
It is suggested that major dietary patterns derived from a food-frequency questionnaire predict risk of CHD, independent of other lifestyle variables.
Genome-wide association study of circulating vitamin D levels
Strong genome-wide significant associations with 25(OH)D are confirmed through meta-analysis with the GWAS data for GC, NADSYN1/DHCR7, CYP2R1 and CYP 2R1, but not C10orf88, the key C-25 hydroxylase that converts vitamin D3 to an active vitamin D receptor ligand.
Physical Activity, Obesity, and Risk for Colon Cancer and Adenoma in Men
The hypotheses that physical inactivity, obesity, and height increase the risk for colon cancer and adenoma independently of each other and of diet are addressed, and that the abdominal pattern of obesity is an additional independent risk factor are addressed.
Reproducibility and validity of dietary patterns assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire.
  • F. Hu, E. Rimm, +5 authors W. Willett
  • Biology, Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 1 February 1999
Data indicate reasonable reproducibility and validity of the major dietary patterns defined by factor analysis using dietary data collected with a food-frequency questionnaire with data from an FFQ.
The Effect of Fruit and Vegetable Intake on Risk for Coronary Heart Disease
A 1-serving/d increase in fruit or vegetable intake was associated with a 6% lower risk for ischemic stroke, after controlling for standard cardiovascular risk factors, and analyses limited to confirmed cases yielded results very similar to those obtained when all cases were included.
Environmental risk factors for multiple sclerosis. Part I: The role of infection
It is shown that whereas EBV stands out as the only infectious agent that can explain many of the key features of MS epidemiology, by itself the link between EBV and MS cannot explain the decline in risk among migrants from high to low MS prevalence areas, which implies that either EBV strains in low‐risk areas have less propensity to cause MS, or that other infectious or noninfectious factors modify the host response to EBV or otherwise contribute to determine MS risk.
Vitamin E consumption and the risk of coronary heart disease in men.
Evidence is provided of an association between a high intake of vitamin E and a lower risk of coronary heart disease in men, and public policy recommendations with regard to the use ofitamin E supplements should await the results of additional studies.