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Passive microwave measurements of snow-covered forest areas in EMAC'95
Airborne passive microwave signatures collected in Northern Finland during EMAC-95 are analyzed with the emphasis on forested areas and dry snow conditions. The microwave signatures cover theExpand
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Analysis of current validation practices in Europe for space-based climate data records of essential climate variables
Abstract The Climate Data Records (CDRs) of Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) that are based on satellite observations need to be precisely described. In particular, when these products areExpand
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EFFECTIVE PERMITTIVITY OF WET SNOW USING STRONG FLUCTUATION THEORY
The strong fluctuation theory is applied to calculate the effective permittivity of wet snow by a two-phase model with non-symmetrical inclusions. In the two-phase model, wet snow is assumed toExpand
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Automated Webcam Monitoring of Fractional Snow Cover in Northern Boreal Conditions
Fractional snow cover (FSC) is an important parameter to estimate snow water equivalent (SWE) and surface albedo important to climatic and hydrological applications. The presence of forest createsExpand
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Finnish Meteorological Institute Image Processing Toolbox (Fmiprot) User Manual
FMI Image processing tool (FMIPROT) is software designed as a toolbox for image processing for phenological and meteorological purposes, under the MONIMET Project, funded by EU Life+ ProgrammeExpand
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Effects of Meteorological and Ancillary Data, Temporal Averaging, and Evaluation Methods on Model Performance and Uncertainty in a Land Surface Model
AbstractA single-model 16-member ensemble is used to investigate how external model factors can affect model performance. Ensemble members are constructed with the land surface model (LSM) Joint UKExpand
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Investigation of passive microwave signatures over snow-covered forest areas
Airborne passive microwave signatures collected in Northern Finland during EMAC-95 is analysed with the emphasis on forested areas and dry snow conditions. The microwave signatures covers theExpand
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Cloude's target decomposition theorems applied to EMISAR data acquired during EMAC'95 snow campaign
In this study the possibilities of using polarimetric L- and C-band microwave SAR data in snow mapping are investigated. Covariance matrix eigenvalue based decomposition theory, proposed by CloudeExpand
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Ecosystem Services Related to Carbon Cycling – Modeling Present and Future Impacts in Boreal Forests
Forests regulate climate, as carbon, water and nutrient fluxes are modified by physiological processes of vegetation and soil. Forests also provide renewable raw material, food, and recreationalExpand
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MODIS time-series-derived indicators for the beginning of the growing season in boreal coniferous forest — A comparison with CO2 flux measurements and phenological observations in Finland
Spring phenological events are important for the assessment of the carbon budget in forest ecosystems. In large parts of the boreal zone the evergreen conifers are dominant, but most availableExpand
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