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Fungal endophytes: diversity and functional roles.
TLDR
It is shown that NC-endophytes represent three distinct functional groups based on host colonization and transmission, in planta biodiversity and fitness benefits conferred to hosts, and key questions for future work in endophyte biology are highlighted. Expand
Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny
TLDR
It is indicated that there may have been at least four independent losses of the flagellum in the kingdom Fungi, and the enigmatic microsporidia seem to be derived from an endoparasitic chytrid ancestor similar to Rozella allomycis, on the earliest diverging branch of the fungal phylogenetic tree. Expand
Fungal endophytes limit pathogen damage in a tropical tree
TLDR
It is shown that inoculation of endophyte-free leaves with endophytes isolated frequently from naturally infected, asymptomatic hosts significantly decreases both leaf necrosis and leaf mortality when T. cacao seedlings are challenged with a major pathogen. Expand
Are tropical fungal endophytes hyperdiverse
TLDR
It is postulate that tropical endophytes themselves may be hyperdiverse and suggest that extrapolative estimates that exclude them will markedly underestimate fungal species diversity. Expand
Understanding the diversity of foliar endophytic fungi: progress, challenges, and frontiers
TLDR
It is argued that never before has the study of endophytic fungi been more exciting or more tractable, and that the potential for endophyte researchers to inform diverse areas of biology has never been greater. Expand
Diversity and host range of foliar fungal endophytes: are tropical leaves biodiversity hotspots?
TLDR
Molecular sequence data is used to show that endophytes increase in incidence, diversity, and host breadth from arctic to tropical sites, and to elucidate the ecological roles of these little-known symbionts in tropical forests. Expand
A phylogenetic estimation of trophic transition networks for ascomycetous fungi: are lichens cradles of symbiotrophic fungal diversification?
TLDR
Use of phylogenetic analyses that incorporate these newly recovered fungi and ancestral state reconstructions that take into account phylogenetic uncertainty provide the basis for estimating trophic transition networks in the Ascomycota and provide a first set of hypotheses regarding the evolution of symbiotrophy and saprotrophy in the most species-rich fungal phylum. Expand
Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits.
TLDR
This study provides a phylogenetic synthesis for the Fungi and a framework for future phylogenetic studies on fungi and the impact of this newly discovered phylogenetic structure on supraordinal classifications is discussed. Expand
Fungal endophytes in dicotyledonous neotropical trees: patterns of abundance and diversity
TLDR
This work uses similarity indices to assess host preference and spatial heterogeneity of endophytes associated with two co-occurring, but distantly related, understorey tree species in two sites of that forest, and assess the utility of indices based on frequencies of morphospecies occurrence and on presenceabsence data. Expand
Diversity and phylogenetic affinities of foliar fungal endophytes in loblolly pine inferred by culturing and environmental PCR.
TLDR
Endophytic fungi in asymptomatic foliage of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) in North Carolina, U.S.A., are examined to evaluate morphotaxa, BLAST matches and groups based on sequence similarity as functional taxonomic units, and the utility of PD relative to traditional ecological indices is investigated. Expand
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