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Transcranial direct current stimulation: State of the art 2008
Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation of prefrontal cortex enhances working memory
The results indicate that left prefrontal anodal stimulation leads to an enhancement of working memory performance, which depends on the stimulation polarity and is specific to the site of stimulation.
Evidence-based guidelines on the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
Safety criteria for transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in humans
Safety aspects of transcranial direct current stimulation concerning healthy subjects and patients
Shaping the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation of the human motor cortex.
Increased focality of tDCS might improve the interpretation of the functional effects of stimulation because it will restrict its effects to more clearly defined cortical areas, and such paradigms may help to achieve more selective tDCS effects.
Modulating parameters of excitability during and after transcranial direct current stimulation of the human motor cortex
The results suggest that the effect of tDCS on cortico‐spinal excitability during a short period of stimulation (which does not induce after‐effects) primarily depends on subthreshold resting membrane potential changes, which are able to modulate the input‐output curve, but not motor thresholds.
Modulation of cortical excitability by weak direct current stimulation--technical, safety and functional aspects.
Increasing Human Brain Excitability by Transcranial High-Frequency Random Noise Stimulation
- D. Terney, L. Chaieb, V. Moliadze, A. Antal, W. Paulus
- Biology, PsychologyJournal of Neuroscience
- 24 December 2008
A novel method of electrical stimulation: transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), whereby a random electrical oscillation spectrum is applied over the motor cortex induces consistent excitability increases lasting 60 min after stimulation, avoiding the constraint of current flow direction sensitivity characteristic of tDCS.