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Single, Rapid Coastal Settlement of Asia Revealed by Analysis of Complete Mitochondrial Genomes
TLDR
It is shown that mitochondrial DNA variation in isolated “relict” populations in southeast Asia supports the view that there was only a single dispersal from Africa, most likely via a southern coastal route, through India and onward into southeast Asia and Australasia.
The mtDNA Legacy of the Levantine Early Upper Palaeolithic in Africa
TLDR
The early Upper Palaeolithic population(s) carrying M1 and U6 did not return to Africa along the southern coastal route of the “out of Africa” exit, but from the Mediterranean area; and the North African Dabban and European Aurignacian industries derived from a common Levantine source.
The molecular dissection of mtDNA haplogroup H confirms that the Franco-Cantabrian glacial refuge was a major source for the European gene pool.
TLDR
Findings have major implications for the origin of Europeans, since they attest that the Franco-Cantabrian refuge area was indeed the source of late-glacial expansions of hunter-gatherers that repopulated much of Central and Northern Europe from ~15,000 years ago.
Updating the East Asian mtDNA phylogeny: a prerequisite for the identification of pathogenic mutations.
TLDR
A reassessment of the mtDNA data from a series of disease studies testified to the usefulness of such a refined mtDNA tree in evaluating the pathogenicity of mtDNA mutations and a guideline based on the phylogenetic knowledge as proposed here could help avoiding similar problems in the future.
The Phylogeny of the Four Pan-American MtDNA Haplogroups: Implications for Evolutionary and Disease Studies
TLDR
A human entry and spread of the pan-American haplogroups into the Americas right after the peak of the Last Glacial Maximum is indicated and comfortably agrees with the undisputed ages of the earliest Paleoindians in South America.
Phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup I reveals distinct domains of prehistoric gene flow in europe.
TLDR
Haplogroup I, the only major clade of the Y phylogeny that is widespread over Europe but virtually absent elsewhere, is analyzed, in detail, and it is revealed that it underwent a postglacial expansion and marked the human colonization of Sardinia approximately 9,000 years ago.
The Archaeogenetics of Europe
Mitochondrial genomes from modern horses reveal the major haplogroups that underwent domestication
TLDR
Now that the major horse haplogroups have been defined, each with diagnostic mutational motifs (in both the coding and control regions), these haplotypes could be easily used to classify well-preserved ancient remains, assess the haplogroup variation of modern breeds, and evaluate the possible role of mtDNA backgrounds in racehorse performance.
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