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The Arab Spring: A Fourth Wave of Democratization?
Between 1974 and 1990, over 30 countries in southern Europe, Latin America, some parts of Asia, Eastern Europe, and Africa made transitions to democracy, nearly doubling the number of democratic
Al-Manār and the Ḥadhramī Elite in the Malay-Indonesian World: Challenge and Response1
  • A. Abushouk
  • Political Science
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
  • 26 June 2007
Al-Manār was an Arabic and reformist journal founded by Muḥammad Rashīd Riḍā in Cairo in 1898, and its primary objectives were to examine the decadence of Muslim political institutions, underline the
Contemporary Qatar
The Hadhrami Diaspora in Southeast Asia
This volume addresses the question of the Hadhrami Identity in Southeast Asia from various perspectives, and investigates the patterns of the Hahdrami interaction with diverse cultures, values and
The Hadhrami Diaspora in Southeast Asia : identify maintenance or assimilation
This volume originates from the proceedings of an international conference convened by the Department of History and Civilization, International Islamic University Malaysia, in collaboration with the
The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan: From Collaboration Mechanism to Party Politics, 1898–1956
This article examines the features of the collaboration mechanism that permitted a handful of Anglo-Egyptian colonial officers to incorporate tribal shaykhs and educated Sudanese into the structure
An African Scholar in the Netherlands East Indies: al- Shaykh Ahmad Surkitti (1876–1943) and His Life, Thoughts, and Reforms
Shaykh Ahmad Muhammad al-Surkitti (1876–1943) was an important figure in the Islamic reform movement in early twentieth-century Indonesia. He was born in the Sudan in 1876, studied in Mecca and