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Biological degradation of wood.
TLDR
The morphological and chemical changes that occur in wood after degradation by different microorganisms are reviewed and information is provided that will help identify the types of deterioration found in wood of historic value. Expand
A cytoplasmic male sterility-associated mitochondrial protein causes pollen disruption in transgenic tobacco.
TLDR
Results presented here demonstrate that ORF239 causes pollen disruption in transgenic tobacco plants and may do so without targeting of the protein to the mitochondrion. Expand
Effect of white rot basidiomycetes on chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of oat straw and alfalfa stems.
TLDR
Five white rot basidiomycetes were evaluated for their potential to improve ruminal degradation of oat straw and alfalfa stems and transmission electron microscopy showed a nonselective white rot attack. Expand
Colloidal Gold Cytochemistry of Endo-1,4-β-Glucanase, 1,4-β-D-Glucan Cellobiohydrolase, and Endo-1,4-β-Xylanase: Ultrastructure of Sound and Decayed Birch Wood
TLDR
These enzyme-gold complexes demonstrated the distribution of cellulose and xylan after decay by three white rot fungi, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Phellinus pini, and Trametes versicolor, and one brown rot fungus, Fomitopis pinicola. Expand
An evaluation of different forms of deterioration found in archaeological wood
Abstract Archaeological wood and wood of historic value from different environments were examined to determine the type of degradation present, extent of deterioration and to characterize the currentExpand
Specific expression in reproductive tissues and fate of a mitochondrial sterility-associated protein in cytoplasmic male-sterile bean.
TLDR
Histological investigation of pollen development revealed that in the male-sterile bean line, callose deposition was abnormal and microspores remained as tetrads as previously reported, suggesting that nuclear restorer gene Fr2 interferes with expression of the pvs region post-transcriptionally. Expand
Detection of Lignin Peroxidase and Xylanase by Immunocytochemical Labeling in Wood Decayed by Basidiomycetes
TLDR
Use of polyclonal antisera to xylanase followed by immunogold labeling showed intense labeling on fungal hyphae and surrounding slime layers and within the woody cell wall, where evidence of degradation was apparent. Expand
A rapid technique using epoxy resin Quetol 651 to prepare woody plant tissues for ultrastructural study
TLDR
The technique provided a fast, reliable method for preparing wood samples for ultrastructural observation and preservation, and preservation of ultrastructureural detail, sectioning qualities, and staining of the wood samples were found to be very good. Expand
Characterization of Palo Podrido, a Natural Process of Delignification in Wood
TLDR
The structural changes in lignin during the white rot degradation were examined by thioacidolysis, which revealed that the beta-aryl ether-linked syringyl units were more specifically degraded than the guaiacyl ones, particularly in the case of selective delignification. Expand
Enhancement of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab and Cry1Fa Toxicity to Spodoptera frugiperda by Domain III Mutations Indicates There Are Two Limiting Steps in Toxicity as Defined by Receptor Binding and
TLDR
Cry1Ab domain III mutants could provide useful engineered toxins that, along with other Cry toxins, would be useful for developing transgenic maize expressing stacked proteins for the effective control of S. frugiperda and other lepidopteran pests in the field. Expand
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