A. le Pellec

Learn More
The present study examined whether emotion eliciting images affected motor output when a whole body movement was concerned: gait initiation. From a standing posture, 15 young adults were instructed to initiate gait (several steps) towards pleasant or unpleasant images corresponding to a congruent (CO) or an incongruent (IC) task. The movement was performed(More)
This study was carried out to determine the existence and the specificity of anticipatory postural adjustments (APA) associated with vertical jump. Single vertical jump is an upward-oriented movement with identical initial and final postures. A consistent backward shift of the center of pressure (CP) clearly demonstrated the existence of APA. This shift(More)
Anticipatory postural adjustments (APA) associated with high vertical jumping were studied in five normal men. The dependence of APA on final equilibrium and task complexity was studied by analyzing the characteristics of single versus repetitive jumps. Subjects performed series of 25 single jumps and 25 repetitive jumps on a force platform, in response to(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the adaptability of the gait initiation process when confronted with stepping on (SO) to a new level. Eight young adults performed gait initiation at two different speed conditions in a level walking (LW) situation and in a SO situation aimed at walking on an elevated (16 cm) level surface. As in a previous study using a(More)
The influence of fatigue on the stretch reflex evoked in ankle extensor muscles by hopping was investigated in six healthy men. The men hopped on a force platform, at spontaneous frequency and amplitude, until they were unable to maintain the initial frequency or amplitude of the jumps. This task was done with the knees flexing normally during ground(More)
The aim of the study was to understand: (i), how far anticipatory postural adjustments (APA) participate in the sequences of a complex task; (ii), how, in the sagittal plane, horizontal and vertical progressions of the center of gravity (CG) are managed to achieve the prescribed goal. A posturo-kinetics sequence is identified during which forward CG(More)
Functional imaging allowed the knowledge of the brain to progress significantly. Recent findings about modeling of the activity and the interactivity measured by functional imaging are presented, they allow to apprehend brain functioning and brain plasticity both in normal and pathophysiological conditions. The study of specific circuits in networks should(More)
The study examined why anticipatory postural adjustments (APA) associated to gait initiation in a stepping up to a new level situation (SU) are reduced as compared to a level walking situation (LW), as previously reported. Five young adults performed gait initiation in both situations at normal and fast speed. Data from a force platform provided gait(More)
This study was designed to test the influence of tonic neck reflexes (TNR) on the elbow extensor muscles. Surface electromyography (EMG) of triceps brachii (TB), anconeus (ANC) and biceps brachii (BB) muscles were recorded simultaneously with elbow acceleration. Stretch reflex responses from the elbow extensors were analysed in seven healthy subjects for(More)