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Oxidized low density lipoproteins (oxLDL) formed in vivo induce a humoral immune response. Oxidative modification of LDL renders it immunogenic and a heterogeneous population of specific anti-oxLDL antibodies is produced. These antibodies could represent a biological marker of oxidative stress and serve as markers of atherosclerosis. Autoantibodies against(More)
OBJECTIVE Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A has been reported to be low in Down syndrome affected pregnancies during the first trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine preliminary the medians of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) in the first trimester of pregnancy and to compare PAPP-A with other biochemical markers(More)