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Several amidated biologically active peptides such as pancreastatin, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, pancreatic polypeptide and amylin are produced in endocrine pancreatic tissue which contains the enzyme necessary for their final processing, i.e. peptidylglycine alpha-amidating mono-oxygenase (EC 1.14.17.3). The enzyme needs ascorbic acid for activity as(More)
The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of a porcine growth hormone releasing hormone (pGHRH) gene plasmid injection in piglets on growth performance and whole body protein turnover. Sixty male Canadian Landrace×Chinese Taihu piglets were assigned to an intramuscular injection of 0 (control), 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 mg. All pigs were fed with(More)
In rats, vasopressin- and oxytocin-encoding mRNAs are present in the posterior but absent in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. RNase protection experiments indicate that in the posterior pituitary and hypothalamus identical transcriptional start points are used. Furthermore, the two transcripts from posterior pituitary and hypothalamus show(More)
The peptide alpha-amidating activity of a homogenate of pancreatic islets from 5-7-day-old rats was investigated, using as substrate a glycine-extended tripeptide (D-Tyr-Val-Gly). The islet homogenates had a marked amidating activity, with a Km of 57 microM, a Vmax. of 185 pmol/h per mg and a pH optimum of 7.0. This activity was dependent on the presence of(More)
Ample evidence indicates that in nerve cells, several individual proteins are locally synthesized in postsynaptic domains in dendrites. By contrast, axonal terminals, at least in mammals, are generally thought to lack protein synthetic capacity. However, axonal nerve endings of the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal tract have recently been shown to contain mRNAs(More)
Mechanically isolated cells from the intermediate lobe of ox hypophyses contained 40.6 +/- 3.7 nmol mg-1 protein (mean +/- SE, n = 5) of ascorbic acid. They accumulated radioactivity time dependently, on incubation with L-[14C]ascorbic acid in ionic medium dominated by NaCl. No definite saturation of uptake occurred when mechanically isolated cells were(More)
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