Family studies show that the Huntington's disease gene is linked to a polymorphic DNA marker that maps to human chromosome 4. The chromosomal localization of the Huntington's disease gene is the first step in using recombinant DNA technology to identify the primary genetic defect in this disorder.
Specific chromosomal deletions sometimes associated with tumours such as retinoblastoma (chromosome 13q14) and Wilm's tumour (chromosome 11p13) have led to the hypothesis that recessive genes may be involved in tumorigenesis. This hypothesis is supported by demonstration of allele loss specific for these regions using polymorphic DNA markers and by the… (More)
The human R-ras gene was isolated by low-stringency hybridization with a v-H-ras probe. The predicted 218 amino acid R-ras protein has an amino-terminal extension of 26 residues compared with H-ras p21, and shows 55% amino acid identity; conserved domains include the p21 GTP-binding site and the carboxy-terminal membrane localization sequence. R-ras has at… (More)
Cellular oncogenes comprise a class of genes whose aberrant expression or function may be involved in the development of tumours. Indeed, several naturally occurring animal and human tumours are associated with consistent alterations in the structure or genomic position of particular cellular oncogenes. Recently, we isolated a DNA segment having limited… (More)
A cDNA clone for human immune interferon (IFN-gamma) gene sequences, plasmid p69, was used to chromosomally map the IFN-gamma gene by detecting human IFN-gamma gene sequences in DNA isolated from human-rodent somatic cell hybrids. We were able to map the IFN-gamma gene by correlating the human chromosomes present in these hybrids with the human specific 8.8… (More)
At least ten leukocyte interferon genes and the single known fibroblast interferon gene have been localized on the pter leads to q12 region of human chromosome 9. Gene mapping was accomplished by blot hybridization of cloned interferon complementary DNA to DNA from human-mouse cell hybrids with a translocation involving human chromosome 9. Supporting… (More)
A human colonic adenocarcinoma transforming gene, recently identified as a cellular homolog of the Kirsten sarcoma gene (v-ras), was used to assign the human cellular Kirsten ras2 gene to chromosome 12 by the Southern hybridization method. A single 640 base-pair Eco RI--Hind III fragment of the transforming gene, isolated by DNA transfection and molecular… (More)