A. Y. Bluestone

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We report on the first three-dimensional, volumetric, tomographic localization of vascular reactivity in the brain. To this end we developed a model-based iterative image reconstruction scheme that employs adjoint differentiation methods to minimize the difference between measured and predicted data. The necessary human-head geometry and optode locations(More)
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) is emerging as a viable new biomedical imaging modality. Using near-infrared (NIR) light, this technique probes absorption as well as scattering properties of biological tissues. First commercial instruments are now available that allow users to obtain cross-sectional and volumetric views of various body parts. Currently,(More)
In this study, we explore the potential of diffuse optical tomography for brain oximetry. While several groups have already reported on the sensitivity of optical measurements to changes in oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin, and blood volume, these studies were often limited to single source-detector geometries or topographic maps, where signals obtained from(More)
We use diffuse optical tomography to quantitatively reconstruct images of complex phantoms with millimeter sized features located centimeters deep within a highly-scattering medium. A non-contact instrument was employed to collect large data sets consisting of greater than 10 7 source-detector pairs. Images were reconstructed using a fast image(More)
Optical imaging of fluorescent objects embedded in a tissue simulating medium was characterized using non-contact based approaches to fluorescence remittance imaging (FRI) and sub-surface fluorescence diffuse optical tomography (FDOT). Using Protoporphyrin IX as a fluorescent agent, experiments were performed on tissue phantoms comprised of typical in-vivo(More)
This is the second part of a two-part study that explores the feasibility of 3-D, volumetric brain imaging in small animals by optical tomographic techniques. In part 1, we demonstrated the ability to visualize global hemodynamic changes in the rat head in response to elevated levels of CO(2) using a continuous-wave instrument and model-based iterative(More)
In this paper, a novel reconstruction method is presented for Near Infrared (NIR) 2-D imaging to recover optical absorption coefficients from laboratory phantom data. The main body of this work validates a new generation of highly efficient reconstruction algorithms called " Globally Convergent Method " (GCM) based upon actual measurements taken from(More)
In this paper, we formulate diffuse optical tomography (DOT) problems as a source localization problem and propose a MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC) algorithm for functional brain imaging application. By providing MUSIC spectra for major chromophores such as oxy-hemoglobin (HbO) and deoxy-hemoglobin (HbR), we are able to investigate the spatial(More)
When the cornea of the eye dissolves, most commonly secondary to infection or trauma, the ventral wall of the anterior chamber of the eye is no longer supported and thus bulges forward, enlarging the anterior chamber volume. This is referred to as a corneal melt, and it has a unique CT appearance that has not been previously described.
  • Zhi Li, Mark Niedre, B B J W Tromberg, K D Pogue, A G Paulsen, D A Yodh +107 others
  • 2011
Measurement of early-photons (EPs) from a pulsed laser source has been shown to improve imaging resolution versus continuous wave (CW) systems in diffuse optical tomography (DOT) and fluorescence mediated tomography (FMT). However, EP systems also have reduced noise performance versus CW systems since EP measurements require temporal rejection of large(More)