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We report on the first three-dimensional, volumetric, tomographic localization of vascular reactivity in the brain. To this end we developed a model-based iterative image reconstruction scheme that employs adjoint differentiation methods to minimize the difference between measured and predicted data. The necessary human-head geometry and optode locations… (More)
Instrumentation is described that is suitable for acquiring multisource, multidetector, time-series optical data at high sampling rates (up to 150 Hz) from tissues having arbitrary geometries. The design rationale, calibration protocol, and measured performance features are given for both a currently used, CCD-camera-based instrument and a new… (More)
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) is emerging as a viable new biomedical imaging modality. Using near-infrared (NIR) light, this technique probes absorption as well as scattering properties of biological tissues. First commercial instruments are now available that allow users to obtain cross-sectional and volumetric views of various body parts. Currently,… (More)
In this study, we explore the potential of diffuse optical tomography for brain oximetry. While several groups have already reported on the sensitivity of optical measurements to changes in oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin, and blood volume, these studies were often limited to single source-detector geometries or topographic maps, where signals obtained from… (More)
This is the second part of a two-part study that explores the feasibility of 3-D, volumetric brain imaging in small animals by optical tomographic techniques. In part 1, we demonstrated the ability to visualize global hemodynamic changes in the rat head in response to elevated levels of CO(2) using a continuous-wave instrument and model-based iterative… (More)
Small animal fluorescence-enhanced optical tomography has possibility for restructuring drug discovery and preclinical investigation of drug candidates. However, accurate modeling of photon propagation in small animals is critical to quantitatively obtain accurate tomographic images. The diffusion approximation is commonly used for biomedical optical… (More)
When the cornea of the eye dissolves, most commonly secondary to infection or trauma, the ventral wall of the anterior chamber of the eye is no longer supported and thus bulges forward, enlarging the anterior chamber volume. This is referred to as a corneal melt, and it has a unique CT appearance that has not been previously described.