A. Xie

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Electrophysiological and molecular characteristics of voltage-dependent calcium (Ca(2+)) channels were studied using whole-cell patch clamp, polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting in smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from dog basilar artery. Inward currents evoked by depolarizing steps from a holding potential of -50 or -90 mV in 10 mm barium(More)
Long-term environmental light-mediated changes in visual cell transduction proteins were studied to assess the influence of rearing environment on their levels and their potential effects on intense light-induced retinal damage. The levels of rhodopsin, S-antigen and the alpha subunit of transducin were measured in whole eye detergent extracts, retinal(More)
Photochemical switches represent a powerful method for improving pharmacological therapies and controlling cellular physiology. Here we report the photoregulation of GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) by a derivative of propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol), a GABA(A)R allosteric modulator, which we have modified to contain photoisomerizable azobenzene. Using(More)
We tested the effects of cyclothiazide (CTZ), an agent used to block desensitization of AMPA-type glutamate receptors, on heterologously expressed GABA(C) receptors formed by homomeric rho subunits. CTZ inhibition of GABA(C) receptors was subunit specific; it produced a dose-dependent reduction of the GABA-elicited current on homomeric rho2 receptors with(More)
PURPOSE Propofol (2,6-diisopropyl phenol), a widely used systemic anesthetic, is known to potentiate GABA(A) receptor activity in a number of CNS neurons and to produce changes in electroretinographically recorded responses of the retina. However, little is known about propofol's effects on specific retinal neurons. The authors investigated the action of(More)
All three classes of receptors for the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA (GABAR) are expressed in the retina. This study investigated roles of GABAR, especially GABACR (GABA(A)-ρ), in retinal signaling in vivo by studying effects on the mouse electroretinogram (ERG) of genetic deletion of GABACR versus pharmacological blockade using receptor antagonists.(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is associated with coronary arteriolar endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the role of the small/intermediate (SK(Ca)/IK(Ca)) conductance of calcium-activated potassium channels in diabetes-related endothelial dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS Coronary arterioles (80 to 150 μm in diameter) were dissected from discarded right atrial(More)
Photochemical switches represent a powerful method for improving pharmacological therapies and controlling cellular physiology. Here we report the photo-regulation of GABA A receptors (GABA A Rs) by a derivative of propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol), a GABA A R allosteric modulator, that we have modified to contain photo-isomerizable azobenzene. Using α 1 β 2(More)
The GABA(C) receptor, a postsynaptic membrane receptor expressed prominently in the retina, is a ligand-gated ion channel that consists of a combination of ρ subunits. We report characterization of a novel guinea pig polyclonal antibody, termed GABA(C) Ab N-14, directed against a 14-mer peptide (N-14) of the extracellular domain of the human ρ1 subunit. The(More)
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