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A defect in the structure of the obese gene is responsible for development of obesity in the ob/ob mouse. The product of expression of the gene is the protein hormone leptin. Leptin causes weight loss in ob/ob and normal mice, it is secreted by adipocytes, and it is an important controller of the size of fat stores by inhibiting appetite. The ob/ob mouse is(More)
Previous experiments have demonstrated that leptin releases luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) from median eminence (ME)-arcuate explants from male rats and also stimulates the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and LH from anterior pituitaries with a potency not significantly different from that of LHRH itself. To determine the(More)
Prior experiments have shown that the adipocyte hormone leptin can advance puberty in mice. We hypothesized that it would also stimulate gonadotrophin secretion in adults. Since the secretion of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) is drastically affected by estrogen, we hypothesized that leptin might have different actions(More)
Previous studies indicated that there is a separate hypothalamic control of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) release distinct from that of luteinizing hormone (LH). An FSH-releasing factor (FSHRF) was purified from rat and sheep hypothalami, but has not been isolated. We hypothesized that FSHRF might be an analogue of mammalian luteinizing(More)
Adenosine has been identified in the anterior pituitary gland and is secreted from cultured folliculostellate (FS) cells. To determine whether adenosine controls the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones in vitro, adenosine was incubated with anterior pituitaries. It stimulated prolactin (PRL) release at the lowest concentration used (10(-10) M); the(More)
In humans there is a circadian rhythm of leptin concentrations in plasma with a minimum in the early morning and a maximum in the middle of the night. By taking blood samples from adult male rats every 3 hr for 24 hr, we determined that a circadian rhythm of plasma leptin concentrations also occurs in the rat with a peak at 0130h and a minimum at 0730h. To(More)
Gonadotropin secretion by the pituitary gland is under the control of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) and the putative follicle-stimulating hormone-releasing factor (FSHRF). Lamprey III LHRH is a potent FSHRF in the rat and appears to be resident in the FSH controlling area of the rat hypothalamus. It is an analog of mammalian LHRH and may be(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) plays a crucial role in reproduction at every level in the organism. In the brain, it activates the release of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH). The axons of the LHRH neurons project to the mating centers in the brain stem and by afferent pathways evoke the lordosis reflex in female rats. In males, there is activation of(More)
Gonadotropin secretion by the pituitary gland is under the control of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) and the putative follicle stimulating hormone-releasing factor (FSHRF). Lamprey III LHRH is a potent FSHRF in the rat and seems to be resident in the FSH controlling area of the rat hypothalamus. It is an analog of mammalian LHRH and may be the(More)
Because ascorbic acid (AA) is concentrated in synaptic vesicles containing glutamic acid, we hypothesized that AA might act as a neurotransmitter. Because AA is an antioxidant, it might therefore inhibit nitric oxidergic (NOergic) activation of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) release from medial basal hypothalamic explants by chemically(More)