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OBJECTIVE To describe a distinctive seizure semiology that closely associates with voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC)-complex/Lgi1 antibodies and commonly precedes the onset of limbic encephalitis (LE). METHODS Twenty-nine patients were identified by the authors (n = 15) or referring clinicians (n = 14). The temporal progression of clinical features(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with a loss of central dopaminergic pathways in the brain leading to an abnormality of movement, including saccades. In PD, analysis of saccadic latency distributions, rather than mean latencies, can provide much more information about how the neural decision process that precedes movement is affected by disease or(More)
BACKGROUND More than half of patients with multiple sclerosis have progressive disease characterised by accumulating disability. The absence of treatments for progressive multiple sclerosis represents a major unmet clinical need. On the basis of evidence that mesenchymal stem cells have a beneficial effect in acute and chronic animal models of multiple(More)
Biomarkers are characteristics that can be measured as an indicator of a normal biological process, and they have special relevance in Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder that is difficult to study, given the site of pathology and because the resultant clinical phenotype fluctuates over time. We currently have no(More)
Alpha-Synuclein is thought to play an important role in the pathology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Truncated forms of this protein can be found in PD brain extracts, and these species aggregate faster and are more susceptible to oxidative stress than the full-length protein. We investigated the effect of truncated alpha-synuclein on dopaminergic cells using(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterised by progressive motor, cognitive and psychiatric symptoms. Objective measurement of disease severity is of increasing importance for detecting symptomatic disease, as well as monitoring disease progression and the response to novel therapeutic interventions. Using a newly-developed(More)
There has been considerable progress recently towards developing therapeutic strategies for Huntington's disease (HD), with several compounds showing beneficial effects in transgenic mouse models. However, human trials in HD are difficult, costly and time-consuming due to the slow disease course, insidious onset and patient-to-patient variability.(More)
Autoimmune encephalitis associated with antibodies to leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1) is recently described and there is a lack of detailed reports on the treatment of relapsing or refractory cases and long-term outcomes. Two case reports are presented. Both cases had faciobrachial dystonic seizures (FBDS) and received rituximab after relapsing or(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a severe neurodegenerative condition in which the impairment in voluntary movement is related to functional disability. Clinical assessment of motor deficit currently relies largely on subjective rating scales without objective measurement. We have developed a quick and easy-to-use hand tapping device that enables measurement of(More)