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Cytochrome P450s play a central role in the metabolism and disposition of an extremely wide range of drugs and chemical carcinogens. Individual differences in the expression of these enzymes may be an important determinant in susceptibility to adverse drug reactions, chemical toxins and mutagens. In this paper, we have measured the relative levels of(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) monooxygenases catalyze the oxidation of a large number of endogenous compounds and the majority of ingested environmental chemicals, leading to their elimination and often to their metabolic activation to toxic products. This enzyme system therefore provides our primary defense against xenobiotics and is a major determinant in the(More)
The functional mapping of the human cytochrome P4502D6 (CYP2D6) promoter in HepG2 cells revealed the presence of both positive and negative regulatory elements. One of these regulatory elements overlapped a sequence that is highly conserved in most members of the CYP2 family. This element, which consists of a degenerate AGGTCA direct repeat spaced by 1 base(More)
The multidrug resistant protein MDR-1 has been associated with the resistance to a wide range of anti-cancer drugs. Taxol is a substrate for this transporter system and is used in the treatment of a wide range of human malignancies including lung, breast and ovarian cancer. We have generated a series of ovarian cell lines resistant to this compound, all of(More)
We have previously described a mouse model, where hepatic cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (POR) expression has been deleted, resulting in almost complete ablation of hepatic P450 function [Hepatic P450 Reductase Null (HRN)]. HRN mice grow normally but develop fatty livers, and they have increased cytochrome P450 levels. Associated with the hepatic lipid(More)
Our laboratory has been involved in the study of Glutathione S-transferase pi (GST pi) for many years, both in terms of regulation of gene expression and in trying to understand the endogenous function(s) of this enzyme and also what role it may play in the carcinogenic process [1]. Over-expression of GST pi has been associated with carcinogenesis and the(More)
1. We have constructed a full-length human liver cytochrome P450IIA cDNA from a partial-length clone by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis, and subcloned it into the monkey kidney (COS-7) cell expression vector, pSVL. 2. The cDNA encodes a 49 kDa protein with coumarin 7-hydroxylase (COH) activity which cross-reacts with antisera to the mouse cytochrome(More)
Relatively little progress has been made in determining the in vivo regulation of glutathione S-transferase P (GSTP), particularly the human enzyme hGSTP1, despite being identified as a significant factor in carcinogenesis and development of drug resistance in tumor cell lines. Here, we report the characterization of a transgenic reporter mouse that reveals(More)
Elevated levels of the human pi class glutathione S-transferase (GSTP1-1) have been implicated in the development of antineoplastic drug resistance. Using GSTP1 promoter deletion constructs we have shown that enhanced GSTP1 transcription (up to 18-fold) is the predominant mechanism responsible for increased GSTP1-1 levels in a multidrug resistant derivative(More)
Previous studies in this laboratory have identified an essential AP-1 recognition sequence (C1 region; -69 to -63) in th human Pi class glutathione s-transferase (GSTP1) promoter and a negatively acting regulatory element (-105 to -86) that acts to suppress GSTP1 transcription in the human mammary carcinoma cell line, MCF7 (1). The data presented here(More)