—The Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) is the largest telescope in the world operating at a frequency range from 30 to 240 MHz. LOFAR is the first radio telescope of its size which uses phased array principles to detect radio signals. More than 10,000 antennas are installed in the field. The antennas are grouped in 44 stations. The maximal distance between the… (More)
A model for determining the cross-correlation function of partially correlated noise is presented. In this model a strong interferer is included and represented by a periodic signal common to both channels of the correlator. A general expression for the correlation function is deduced and verified. The power spectrum of a calculated correlation function is… (More)
Context. The LOFAR (LOw Frequency ARray) radio telescope is a giant digital phased array interferometer with multiple antennas distributed in Europe. It provides discrete sets of Fourier components of the sky brightness. Recovering the original brightness distribution with aperture synthesis forms an inverse problem that can be solved by various… (More)
Aperture Arrays (AA) mark a new era in radio astronomy combining high sensitivity with a large field-of-view, enabling very high survey and imaging speeds. This paper describes the development of low frequency aperture arrays leading up to SKA phase 1 within the Aperture Array Verification Program (AAVP) as part of the SKA program.
Low frequency radio waves, while challenging to observe, are a rich source of information about pulsars. The LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR) is a new radio interferometer operating in the lowest 4 octaves of the ionospheric " radio window " : 10–240 MHz, that will greatly facilitate observing pulsars at low radio frequencies. Through the huge collecting area,… (More)
ASTRON is building the world's largest radio telescope for low frequencies, LOFAR. LOFAR is optimized for detecting astronomical signals in the 30-80 MHz and 120-240 MHz frequency windows. Since this part of the spectrum is in extensive use by others, a special RFI mitigation strategy is implemented which will be described in the paper. International RFI… (More)
Cosmic rays are the highest-energy particles found in nature. Measurements of the mass composition of cosmic rays with energies of 10(17)-10(18) electronvolts are essential to understanding whether they have galactic or extragalactic sources. It has also been proposed that the astrophysical neutrino signal comes from accelerators capable of producing cosmic… (More)
Using observations obtained with the LOw Fequency ARray (LOFAR), the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT) and archival Very Large Array (VLA) data, we have traced the radio emission to large scales in the complex source 4C 35.06 located in the core of the galaxy cluster Abell 407. At higher spatial resolution (∼ 4 ′′), the source was known to have… (More)