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BACKGROUND Inflammation plays an important role in atherogenesis. The toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is the receptor for bacterial lipopolysaccharides and also recognizes cellular fibronectin and heat shock protein 60, endogenous peptides that are produced in response to tissue injury. To explore a possible role for this receptor in arterial obstructive(More)
BACKGROUND Chlamydia pneumoniae has been suggested to play a role in the origin of atherosclerosis. We studied the prevalence of C pneumoniae at multiple locations in the arterial system within the same individual. Studying the association between atherosclerosis and C pneumoniae within the individual excludes confounding by interindividual variability. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In recent years, several high-resolution vessel wall MR imaging techniques have emerged for the characterization of intracranial atherosclerotic vessel wall lesions in vivo. However, a thorough validation of MR imaging results of intracranial plaques with histopathology is still lacking. The aim of this study was to characterize(More)
INTRODUCTION Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms (ECAA) are rare but may be accompanied with significant morbidity. Previous studies mostly focused on diagnostic imaging and treatment. In contrast, the pathophysiological mechanisms and natural course of ECAA are largely unknown. Understanding the pathophysiological background may add to prediction of risk(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of patients at risk for primary and secondary manifestations of atherosclerotic disease progression is based mainly on established risk factors. The atherosclerotic plaque composition is thought to be an important determinant of acute cardiovascular events, but no prospective studies have been performed. The objective of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Atherosclerotic plaque rupture can lead to severe complications such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Myeloid related protein (Mrp)-14, Mrp-8, and Mrp-8/14 complex are inflammatory markers associated with myocardial infarction. It is, however, unknown whether Mrps are associated with a rupture-prone plaque phenotype. In this study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To score the number of plaque neutrophils and relate the score to plaque morphology and inflammatory status. METHODS AND RESULTS Neutrophils are inflammatory cells with tissue destruction capabilities that have been found at the site of an atherosclerotic plaque rupture or erosion. Poor evidence exists for neutrophil infiltration in human(More)
OBJECTIVE Rupture of unstable atherosclerotic plaques is the pathological substrate for acute ischemic events. Underlying cellular and molecular characteristics of plaque rupture have been studied extensively. However, the natural course of symptomatic plaque remodeling after ischemic events is relatively unexplored. METHODS AND RESULTS Atherosclerotic(More)
Frequencies of EGFR and KRAS mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have predominantly been determined in East Asian and North American populations, showing large differences between these populations. The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of EGFR and KRAS mutations in NSCLC in the West European Dutch population in primary(More)
In the mammalian heart a conduction system of nodes and conducting cells generates and transduces the electrical signals evoking myocardial contractions. Specialized pacemaker cells initiating and controlling cardiac contraction rhythmicity are localized in an anatomically identifiable structure of myocardial origin, the sinus node. We previously showed(More)