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The seizure-induced molecular and functional alterations of glutamatergic transmission in the hippocampus have been investigated. Daily repeated epileptic seizures were induced for 12 days by intraperitoneal administration of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP; 4.5 mg/kg) in adult Wistar rats. The seizure symptoms were evaluated on the Racine's scale. One day after the(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a widespread neuropeptide with a diverse array of biological functions. Not surprisingly, the lack of endogenous PACAP therefore results in a variety of abnormalities. One of the important effects of PACAP is its neuroprotective and general cytoprotective role. PACAP protects neurons and other(More)
Myelination, one of the last steps of neuronal development, was examined in the human fetal and postnatal hippocampal formation using immunohistochemistry to detect a protein component of the myelin sheath, the myelin basic protein synthesized by oligodendroglial cells. Myelin basic protein-immunoreactive oligodendroglial cells were first seen at the 20th(More)
Oligodendroglial cells differ in their ultrastructural appearance depending on their myelin producing and maintaining activity. To better understand the relationship between light and electron microscopic features of myelination, myelin formation in the corpus callosum was studied in young postnatal mice. Immunostaining for myelin basic protein (MBP), which(More)
Growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and more recently vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been used extensively to heal experimental gastric, duodenal and colonic ulcers in animal models. Encouraging results have been reported in clinical trials with(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to investigate the Helicobacter pylori (Hp) status of patients who underwent successful eradication therapy 1 year prior to the study and to evaluate their current symptoms. METHODS all of the patients were initially evaluated by oesophago-gastro-bulboscopy and the Hp status was determined by at least two different(More)
Myelination is considered as one of the last steps of neuronal development and is essential to the physiologically matured function of afferent and efferent pathways. In the present study, myelin formation was examined in the human fetal, postnatal and adult hippocampal formation in Down syndrome and in age-matched controls with immunohistochemistry(More)
Pituitary adenylate-cyclase activator polypeptide (PACAP), as a consequence of its effect on the elevation of intracellular cAMP level, strongly influences brain development including myelination. While proliferation of oligodendroglial progenitors is stimulated by PACAP applied in vitro, their differentiation is inhibited. However, the in vivo role of(More)
UNLABELLED The serum levels of carotenoids (vitamin A, lutein, zeaxanthin, alfa- and beta cryptoxanthin, alfa- and beta-carotene) were measured in healthy persons (n=40) and in 98 patients with different malignant gastrointestinal diseases (44 patients with colon adenocarcinoma, 21 with gastric cancer, 15 with hepatocellular adenocarcinoma, 10 patients with(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) is frequently complicated by various nutritional disturbances. Although it is important to correct these disturbances, the nutritional status of CD patients has been poorly documented, especially concerning vitamin status. The aims of this study were (a) to measure the serum concentrations of vitamin A and six other carotenoids (lutein,(More)