A Vidal-Jordana

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Natural history studies have identified factors that predict evolution to multiple sclerosis or risk of disability accumulation over time. Although these studies are based on large multicentre cohorts with long follow-ups, they have limitations such as lack of standardized protocols, a retrospective data collection or lack of a systematic magnetic resonance(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system with a complex and heterogeneous pathology that may ultimately lead to neurodegeneration and brain atrophy. Brain volume loss in MS is known to occur early in the disease course and to be clinically relevant, as it has been related to disability progression. Nowadays, brain(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the availability of diagnostic criteria, an overlap between neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and multiple sclerosis (MS) exists, particularly in the early stage of the disease. OBJECTIVE To study the value of NMO-immunoglobulin G (IgG) determination in Caucasian patients with a first demyelinating episode who develop a relapsing form of optic(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between brain volume loss during the first year of interferon treatment and clinical outcome at 4 years. METHODS Patients with multiple sclerosis initiating interferon β were clinically evaluated every 6 months for the presence of relapses and assessment of global disability using the Expanded Disability Status(More)
OBJECTIVE To report the 5-year risk and to identify risk factors for the development of a seminal acute or progressive clinical event in a multi-national cohort of asymptomatic subjects meeting 2009 RIS Criteria. METHODS Retrospectively identified RIS subjects from 22 databases within 5 countries were evaluated. Time to the first clinical event related to(More)
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, demyelinating and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system that mainly affects young adults. It is characterised by processes involving inflammation, demyelination and axonal destruction, and as a result the pathogenic aspects and response to treatment of the disease vary widely. It is therefore difficult to(More)
Evidence exists that apoptotic elimination of autoreactive T lymphocytes is defective in multiple sclerosis (MS). Here, we measured serum levels of soluble forms of Fas (sFas), Fas ligand (sFasL) and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (sTRAIL) in 38 healthy controls (HC) and 92 untreated MS patients with different clinical forms and activity phases of(More)
INTRODUCTION The management of antithrombotic therapy after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in anticoagulated patients is not well defined. We analyzed the risks and benefits of antiplatelet therapy (AG) against the resumption of anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (AVK) in a series of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Retrospective study of ICH in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prognostic value of selected biomarkers in clinically isolated syndromes (CIS) for conversion to multiple sclerosis (MS) and disability accrual. METHODS Data were acquired from 2 CIS cohorts. The screening phase evaluated patients developing clinically definite MS (CIS-CDMS) and patients who remained as CIS during a 2-year(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to investigate potential associations between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and class II alleles and the development of anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) treated with natalizumab. METHODS HLA class I and II genotyping was performed in patients with MS who experienced(More)