A. Van Tol

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Studies were performed to investigate the effect of diets rich in oleic or linoleic acids on the activity of plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) in normolipidemic subjects. Previous to the test diets, all subjects consumed a baseline diet rich in saturated fatty acids ("sat-diet") for 17 days. The test diets, rich in either monounsaturated(More)
UNLABELLED The influence of development and ethinylestradiol (EE) on apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, A-II, and E mRNA in rat liver and intestine was studied by dot blot hybridization and Northern blot analysis. ApoA-I mRNA levels were maximal in the perinatal period and declined after day 15. An opposite trend was noted for the apoA-II mRNA levels, whereas apoE(More)
Plasma lipoprotein metabolism is influenced by several factors that may act by regulating the expression of proteins involved in lipoprotein metabolism, such as lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). We determined the influence of several hormones and hypolipidemic drugs on hepatic LCAT gene expression and plasma LCAT activity. Liver LCAT mRNA levels(More)
Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is an inherited disorder of heme synthesis caused by deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme ferrochelatase. EPP in humans is associated with liver disease, hypertriglyceridemia, and a low level of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. To explore consequences of ferrochelatase deficiency in lipid metabolism, we have(More)
Using immunoaffinity chromatography, we separated human high density lipoprotein (HDL) into two subfractions: LP-AI, in which all particles contain apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) but no apoA-II, and LP-AI/AII, in which all particles contain both apoA-I and apoA-II. To compare LP-AI and LP-AI/AII as acceptors of cell cholesterol, the isolated subfractions were(More)
Lecithin:cholesteryl acyl transferase (LCAT), cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), and lipoprotein lipases are involved in high density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism. We evaluated the influence of insulin sensitivity and of the TaqIB CETP gene polymorphism (B1B2) on plasma LCAT, CETP, and PLTP activities (measured(More)
Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) are key factors in remodeling of high density lipoproteins (HDL) and triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. We examined the effect of a large, 24 h intravenous fat load on plasma lipids and free fatty acids (FFA) as well as on plasma(More)
The influence of development and ethinylestradiol on low density lipoprotein (LDL)-receptor mRNA and hepatic triglyceride lipase (HTGL) activity and mRNA levels was studied in rat liver and intestine. Intestinal LDL-receptor mRNA levels are maximal in the perinatal period, whereas liver LDL-receptor and HTGL mRNA levels are highest after weaning in adult(More)
BACKGROUND Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) is expressed by various cell types. In plasma, it is associated with high density lipoproteins (HDL). Elevated levels of PLTP in transgenic mice result in decreased HDL and increased atherosclerosis. PLTP is present in human atherosclerotic lesions, where it seems to be macrophage derived. The aim of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the long-term effects of unfiltered coffee consumption on the activity levels of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) and lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) and to assess a possible role of CETP activity levels in the rise in serum LDL cholesterol. SUBJECTS AND DESIGN Forty-six(More)