The Rht (reduced plant height) genes provided a basis for the “green revolution”, which led to a substantial increase in wheat productivity. More than 20 Rht genes are now known in wheat, Rht-B1 and Rht-11 being among the most important ones. Analysis of a segregating F2 population and molecular analysis of the common wheat cultivars carrying the Rht-11… (More)
Reduced height genes are the genetic basis of the “green revolution”. Two agronomically important gibberellic acid (GA)-insensitive genes, Rht-B1b (Rht1) and Rht-D1b (Rht2), localised on chromosomes 4BS and 4DS, respectively, and the GA-responsive gene Rht8, localised on chromosome 2DS, were introduced into many cultivars worldwide. An alternative… (More)
Pilot experiments on using molecular markers in the breeding of winter wheat that were conducted at the Lukyanenko Agricultural Research Institute are described. The most efficient methods for using markers when developing new cultivars are outlined. The genes that are responsible for valuable agronomic traits were identified in varieties that are bred at… (More)
The reaction of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) with arenes in superacidic trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (triflic acid, TfOH) as the solvent at room temperature for 1-24 h gives rise to 5-arylmethylfurfurals (yields of 17-91%) and 2-arylmethyl-5-(diarylmethyl)furans (yields of 10-37%). The formation of these two types of reaction products depends on the… (More)
The reaction of 3-aryl-N-(aryl)propiolamides with arenes in TfOH at room temperature for 0.5 h led to 4,4-diaryl-3,4-dihydroquinolin-2-(1H)-ones in yields of 44-98%. The obtained dihydroquinolinones were further transformed into the corresponding N-acyl or N-formyl derivatives. For the latter, the superelectrophilic activation of the N-formyl group by TfOH… (More)
Acute experimental pancreatitis induced by injection of trypsin into the pancreatic tissue exhibited characteristics of fulminant hemorrhagic pancreonecrosis (intense exudation of interlobular stroma, massive plasmo- and hemorrhages, foci of acinar cell autolysis involving by the end of day 1 an appreciable portion of the organ with formation of fields of… (More)
We studied proteomic features of subcellular fractions from rat hepatocytes and intensity of enzymatic and non-enzymatic free radical oxidation depending on the type of dietary fat during adaptation of animals to modified nutrition. Our results illustrate the formation of specific nutriproteomes in the microsomal and cytosolic fractions of rat hepatocytes… (More)
The proteomic features of the cytosolic and microsomal fractions of rat hepatocytes were studied during long-term dietary consumption of taurine (12 months) as a modulator of energy homeostasis. We identified proteomic markers of the effect of taurine on regulation of cell homeostasis. A protein with unknown biological function was revealed.