A. V. Rokhin

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It was established that the action of [H+] at concentration 1.96∙10–2 M at 90°C for 5–20 min decreased sharply the molecular weight of galactomannan and carrageenan and increased their overall reductive capability. The action of [OH–] at concentrations 2.6∙10–2 and 26∙10–2 under the same conditions was characterized by a slow decrease of the molecular(More)
Enzymatic oxidation of ferulic acid catalyzed by oxidases (laccase and peroxidase) was carried out. Ferulic acid was shown to be subjected to oxidative processes leading to the formation of oligomeric and polymeric structures. The polymer formation takes place due to the formation of CAr-CAr- and CAr-O-CAr-bonds, as well as due to reactions of opening of(More)
A new glucan, namely, piptoporane I, with a molecular mass of 270 kDa was isolated from fruiting bodies of Piptoporus betulinis (Bull.:Fr.) Karst. (Fomitopsidacaeae). Using a combination of physicochemical methods, it was established that piptoporane I was a branched glucan with a backbone consisting of α-(1 → 3)-glucopyranose residues substituted at the(More)
Water-soluble polysaccharides from Sophora flavescens (Fabaceae) roots were studied. The dominant polymer S f P-1-1/2 of molecular weight 85 kDa was isolated using ion-exchange and gel chromatography. The structure of the isolated compound was α-(1→4)-glucan partially substituted at the C-6 position by single glucopyranose units. A pharmacological study(More)
Water-soluble polysaccharides from seeds of true cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum White at Maton, family Zingiberaceae) have been studied. The study has shown the presence of neutral and acidic components in these polysaccharides. Three polysaccharides (380, 166, and 27 kDa) have been isolated from the neutral fraction. According to the structural analysis(More)
Alkali-soluble polysaccharides have been extracted from Laetiporus Sulphureus (Bull.: Fr.) Murr fruit bodies with a yield of 42.7%. The structure of the dominant polymer (16.05% of fruit bodies’ mass), named latiglucan I, has been determined. It is linear β-1,3-glucan (molecular weight 1.8 × 105 Da, [α]D-17°).
The composition of water-soluble polysaccharides from the aerial part of Lophanthus chinensis Benth. (Lamiaceae) was studied. The dominant polymer LCWH-2, which was a partially acetylated glucoarabinogalactan, the main chain of which was constructed of α-(1→6)-bonded galactopyranose, was isolated and characterized. Atoms C-2 and C-3 of the main chain had(More)
Six pigment fractions (total yield 52.13% of raw material mass) were isolated by fractionation of polymeric components of melanin from Inonotus obliquus (Pers.) Pil. sclerotia. The isolated fractions differed in degree of aromaticity, molecular-weight distribution, and content of functional groups according to elemental analysis; UV, IR, and 13C NMR(More)
Melanin complex was isolated from mycelium of the basidiomycete Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.: Fr.) Murr (with a yield of 2.49% of the dry weight). UV and IR spectroscopies, gel chromatography, and alkaline cleavage assay demonstrated that the isolated melanin was heterogeneous and belonged to the dihydronaphthalene type. 13C-NMR data suggested that aromatic(More)
Glucofructans from Saussurea lappa (Asteraceae) roots were studied. It was found that free fructose and oligomeric glucofructans (saccharose, 1-kestose, nystose, 1F-β-fructofuranosylnystose, and 1F-β-fructofuranosyl-1F-β-fructofuranosylnystose) were present. The dominant polymer Sl-GF (MW 51.4 kDa), which was a linear inulin-type glucofructan consisting of(More)