A V Kondrashin

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Malaria endemic countries in the southeast Asia region include Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. Population movement and rapid urbanization, both largely caused by unemployment, and environmental deterioration change the malaria pattern. They also increase the incidence of drug-resistant malaria,(More)
The major benefit of mass primaquine administration in the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was a considerable reduction in malaria case load in the situation where there is acute inadequacy of various means for malaria control, as well as in the containment of a large-scale malaria epidemic caused exclusively by P. vivax(More)
Demographic Subsystem (DSS) comprising structure, distribution, along with its dynamic process has been identified to influence Malaria as Anthropo-Ecosystem (MAES) broadly in two ways. Innate characters of some essential elements of DSS viz. growth, age and sex composition, infants, children, young and old adults, non-pregnant and pregnant and lactating(More)
In biological ecosystems, population tends to fluctuate above or below asymptotic level or the 'carrying capacity'. Self-regulation is achieved by extrinsic, that is, environmental limiting factors and intrinsic, that is, physiological and genetic factors. In Malaria Anthropo-Ecosystem (MAES) which is much more intricate and complex system, Plasmodium being(More)
Diversity being one of the main characteristics of Malaria Anthropo-Ecosystem (MAES) is reflected in time and space. Temporal diversity of MAES generally may be divided into two types--long time periods usually on a global scale, and various local fluctuations expressed as malaria periodicity. Geographical confinement of MAES is determined by interactions(More)
Adaptations have been recognized as an essential facets of evolution. These broadly cover two types exemplified by change (adjustments) and that leads to creation of new species. The former is generally in response to environmental factors, while the others are genetic and heritable and enable the population to continue its existence. These are also(More)
This communication is the first in the series consisting of two publications describing the present state of malaria control and elimination in the world. The global malaria situation in 2009-2010 demonstrated a considerable situation as compared to the previous years. This improvement is associated with a considerable global increase of investments made by(More)