A V Kondrashin

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Malaria endemic countries in the southeast Asia region include Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. Population movement and rapid urbanization, both largely caused by unemployment, and environmental deterioration change the malaria pattern. They also increase the incidence of drug-resistant malaria,(More)
This communication is the first in the series consisting of two publications describing the present state of malaria control and elimination in the world. The global malaria situation in 2009-2010 demonstrated a considerable situation as compared to the previous years. This improvement is associated with a considerable global increase of investments made by(More)
The malaria situation in the WHO South-East Asia Region is reviewed in terms of its epidemiological diversity, problems encountered and implications for control. Varying host-parasite-vector interrelationships are shown to be influenced significantly by prevailing environmental conditions (eg topographic, climatic) as well as behavioral and socio-economic(More)
Diversity being one of the main characteristics of Malaria Anthropo-Ecosystem (MAES) is reflected in time and space. Temporal diversity of MAES generally may be divided into two types--long time periods usually on a global scale, and various local fluctuations expressed as malaria periodicity. Geographical confinement of MAES is determined by interactions(More)
The major benefit of mass primaquine administration in the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was a considerable reduction in malaria case load in the situation where there is acute inadequacy of various means for malaria control, as well as in the containment of a large-scale malaria epidemic caused exclusively by P. vivax(More)
In biological ecosystems, population tends to fluctuate above or below asymptotic level or the 'carrying capacity'. Self-regulation is achieved by extrinsic, that is, environmental limiting factors and intrinsic, that is, physiological and genetic factors. In Malaria Anthropo-Ecosystem (MAES) which is much more intricate and complex system, Plasmodium being(More)
The state-of-the-art of malaria elimination programs worldwide and the advances made in the past decade were analyzed and assessed. The factors contributing to or reducing the achievement of the final objective of malaria elimination--to interrupt the local transmission of the infection and to steadily maintain the achieved successes are given. Technical(More)