Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (Fgfr1) is expressed at high levels by progenitor cells of the ventricular zone (VZ) within the hippocampal primordium. To investigate the role of Fgfr1 in these cells, in vivo Cre recombination of "floxed" Fgfr1 alleles was directed to cells of the radial glial lineage by using the human glial fibrillary acidic protein… (More)
A circadian clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) regulates the period of physiological and behavioural rhythms to approximately 24 h. Lithium can lengthen the period of circadian rhythms in most organisms although little is known about the underlying mechanism. In the present study, we examined Drosophila shaggy ortholog glycogen synthase… (More)
Botulinum C3 exoenzyme specifically ADP-ribosylates a group of ras-related small molecular weight GTP-binding proteins, rho, and inhibits their biological activity. Using this enzyme, we examined the function of rho in PMA-induced activation of lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) in a B lymphoblastoid cell line, JY. Northern blot analysis… (More)
Receptors for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSFRs) have been confirmed on the cell surfaces of several non-haematopoietic cell types, including bladder cancer cells. This observation has naturally led to the hypothesis that the expression of G-CSFR on these cells may enhance their growth by G-CSF. In this study, the expression of G-CSFR was… (More)
The circadian pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) generates the near 24-h period of the circadian rhythm and is entrained to the 24-h daily cycle by periodic environmental signals, such as the light/dark cycle (photic signal), and can be modulated by various drugs (non-photic signals). The mechanisms by which non-photic signals modulate the… (More)
1. Introduction In general, it is said that is it very difficult for Japanese language learners to produce and perceive geminate stop consonants. This study focuses on geminate and single stop consonants produced and perceived by learners of Japanese and examine the relationship between the production and perception.
We examined the effects of kynurenine metabolites administered into the right cerebroventricle (1 micromol) on the electrocorticogram (ECoG) of rats to establish the role of kynurenines on brain function. Kynurenine, anthranilic acid, quinaldic acid, xanthurenic acid or 8-hydroxyquinaldic acid showed no effect on ECoG throughout the recording period of 4… (More)
The in vivo and in vitro effects of human alpha-interferon (IFN) on blood natural killer (NK) cell activity were studied in patients with malignant melanoma. The initial response to an i.m. injection of IFN was a depression of blood NK cell activity, being detectable at 4 h and reaching a nadir at 12 h. Blood NK cell activity returned to or exceeded… (More)