A. Trombettoni

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We study the dynamical phase diagram of a dilute Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) trapped in a periodic potential. The dynamics is governed by a discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation: intrinsically localized excitations, including discrete solitons and breathers, can be created even if the BEC's interatomic potential is repulsive. Furthermore, we analyze(More)
We report the first experimental observation of nonlinear self-trapping of Bose-condensed 87Rb atoms in a one-dimensional waveguide with a superimposed deep periodic potential . The trapping effect is confirmed directly by imaging the atomic spatial distribution. Increasing the nonlinearity we move the system from the diffusive regime, characterized by an(More)
In many physical applications solitons propagate on supports whose topological properties may induce new and interesting effects. In this paper, we investigate the propagation of solitons on chains with a topological inhomogeneity generated by inserting a finite discrete network on a chain. For networks connected by a link to a single site of the chain, we(More)
We show that, by inserting suitable finite networks at a site of a chain, it is possible to realize filters and high-pass/low-pass devices for solitons propagating along the chain. The results are presented in the framework of coupled optical waveguides; possible applications to different contexts, such as photonic lattices and Bose-Einstein condensates in(More)
We report on the direct observation of an oscillating atomic current in a one-dimensional array of Josephson junctions realized with an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. The array is created by a laser standing wave, with the condensates trapped in the valleys of the periodic potential and weakly coupled by the interwell barriers. The coherence of multiple(More)
The dynamics of a Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in a periodic potential is governed by a discrete nonlinear equation. The interplay/competition between discreteness (introduced by the lattice) and nonlinearity (due to the interatomic interaction) manifests itself on nontrivial dynamical regimes which disappear in the continuum (translationally invariant)(More)
We predict a dynamical classical superfluid-insulator transition in a Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in an optical and a magnetic potential. In the tight-binding limit, this system realizes an array of weakly coupled condensates driven by an external harmonic field. For small displacements of the parabolic trap about the equilibrium position, the(More)
We investigate the dynamical properties of the one-dimensional discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation (DNLS) with periodic boundary conditions and with an arbitrary distribution of on-site defects. We study the propagation of a traveling plane wave with momentum k: the dynamics in Fourier space mainly involves two localized states with momenta +/-k(More)