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Childhood cerebellar ataxias, and particularly congenital ataxias, are heterogeneous disorders and several remain undefined. We performed a muscle biopsy in patients with congenital ataxia and children with later onset undefined ataxia having neuroimaging evidence of cerebellar atrophy. Significant reduced levels of Coenzyme Q10 (COQ10) were found in the(More)
The analysis of a lymphoblastoid cell line (5106), derived from a rare individual of normal intelligence with an unmethylated full mutation of the FMR1 gene, allowed us to reconstruct the chain of molecular events leading to the FMR1 inactivation and to fragile X syndrome. We found that lack of DNA methylation of the entire promoter region, including the(More)
PURPOSE Mutations of the protocadherin19 gene (PCDH19) cause a female-related epilepsy of variable severity, with or without mental retardation and autistic features. Despite the increasing number of patients and mutations reported, the epilepsy phenotype associated with PCDH19 mutations is still unclear. We analyzed seizure semiology through ictal(More)
The occurrence of epilepsy with mental retardation limited to females (EFMR; MIM 300088) has been recently associated to mutations in the PCDH19 gene, located on chromosome X and encoding for protocadherin 19. EFMR shows a rare X-linked inheritance wherein affected females may be segregating a mutation through unaffected transmitting males (Fabisiak and(More)
BACKGROUND Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is a reference high-throughput technology for detecting large pathogenic or polymorphic copy-number variations in the human genome; however, a number of quantitative monogenic mutations, such as smaller heterozygous deletions or duplications, are usually missed in most disease genes when proper(More)
PRRT2 gene mutations have recently been identified as a causative gene of Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), a rare movement disorder characterised by the occurrence of chorea, dystonia or athetosis triggered by sudden action. Some patients have additional intermittent neurologic disorders like infantile convulsions. The association with migraine has(More)
Openness is a personality trait reflecting absorption in sensory experience, preference for novelty, and creativity, and is thus considered a driving force of human evolution. At the brain level, a relation between openness and dopaminergic circuits has been proposed, although evidence to support this hypothesis is lacking. Recent behavioral research has(More)
Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by early-onset, spastic ataxia and peripheral neuropathy, with or without mental retardation. The array of mutations in SACS has expanded worldwide after the first description in Quebec. We herein report the identification of an unconventional SACS(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations of protein-rich transmembrane protein 2 (PRRT2) were recently associated to benign familial infantile seizures (BFIS) (MIM 605751) and paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesias (PKD) (MIM12800). AIMS To report mutations of PRRT2 in BFIS, infantile convulsions and choreoathetosis (ICCA), and in sporadic cases affected by benign infantile(More)