A. Tavener

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In sheep, administration of a combination of zolazepam and tiletamine hydrochloride resulted in a dose dependent reduction in the duration of epileptic activity induced by an electric stun applied to the head. The compound also lengthened the normal period of reflex suppression that occurs after a stun. Excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists(More)
Parallel electrocorticograms (ECoG) and electroencephalograms (EEG) were recorded during stun-recovery and stun-slaughter of eight calves 4-6 weeks old. Epochs of 8·2 s duration, derived from the ECoG and EEG signals pre-stun, during recovery and during exsanguination, were compared for differences in power content and frequency distribution using Fast(More)
Eighteen of 23 red deer (Cervus elaphus) at a deer slaughtering premises were successfully stunned with an apparatus modified from that normally used to stun sheep. The five unsuccessful electrical stuns were associated with poor head restraint and poor head contact by the electrodes. The median stunning current was 0.9 A, and in the majority of cases the(More)
Passing an electric current (50 Hz, 400 V open circuit, current limited to 1.5 A) from two electrodes acting as a common single electrode set applied on each side of the dorsal surface of the neck (cervical vertebrae C2 to C5 region) to another placed on the brisket of young bulls causes fibrillation of the cardiac muscle, does not induce epileptiform(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings were made on 34 calves (two days to six weeks old, 30-50 kg) during the slaughter process. The calves, supported in a V-shaped box or polypropylene net, were either head-only electrically stunned (50 Hz, 1.0 A) across the head and allowed to recover, head-only stunned followed by throat cutting or head-only stunned(More)
Twelve adult cattle were electrically stunned head-only (400 V, 2.5 A, 50 Hz) behind the ears for four seconds. Within ten seconds of stun initiation, the carotid arteries, jugular veins, trachea and oesophagus were severed. Twenty seconds after the stun initiation, ten animals received an electro-immobilization current (80 V peak, 14.3 Hz, 5 ms square(More)
To study the application of electroencephalography (EEG) for the assessment of insensibility during stunning and slaughter, recordings were made on sheep that were slaughtered by throat cutting, electrically stunned head-only and allowed to recover, electrically stunned head-only followed by throat cutting or electrically stunned head-to-back. The same(More)
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