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We review the remarkable properties, including superconductivity, charge-density-wave ordering, and metal-insulator transitions, of lead-and potassium-doped barium bismuthate. We discuss some of the early theoretical studies of these systems. Our recent theoretical work, on the negative-U, extended-Hubbard model for these systems, is also described. Both(More)
Recent experiments on 2H-TaSe(2) contradict the long-held view of the charge density wave arising from a nested band structure. An intrinsically strong coupling view, involving a charge density wave state arising as a Bose condensation of preformed excitons emerges as an attractive, albeit scantily investigated alternative. Using the local density(More)
The two-dimensional electron gas at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface promises to add a new dimension to emerging electronic devices due to its high degree of tunability. Defects in the form of oxygen vacancies in titanate surfaces and interfaces, on the other hand, play a key role in the emergence of the ordered states and their tunability at the interface. On(More)
Correlated systems with hexagonal layered structures have come to the fore with renewed interest in cobaltates, transition metal dichalcogenides and GdI(2). While superconductivity, unusual metal and possible exotic states (prevented from long-range order by strong local fluctuations) appear to come from frustration and correlation working in tandem in such(More)
The long-standing issue of the competition between the magnetic field and the Kondo effect, favoring, respectively, triplet and singlet ground states, is addressed using a cluster slave-rotor mean-field theory for the Hubbard model and its spin-correlated, spin-frustrated extensions in two dimensions. The metamagnetic jump is established and compared with(More)
A systematic study of the effect of magnetic field (h) on the Hubbard model has been carried out at half-filling within dynamical mean field theory. In agreement with previous studies, we find a zero temperature itinerant metamagnetic transition, reflected in the discontinuous changes in magnetization as well as in the hysteresis, from a paramagnetic (PM)(More)
The two-dimensional, colossal magnetoresistive system GdI2 develops an unusual metallic state below its ferromagnetic transition and becomes insulating at low temperatures. We argue that this geometrically frustrated, correlated poor metal is a possible candidate for a ferromagnetic excitonic liquid. The renormalized Fermi surface supports a further(More)
We study the quantum phase transition in f-electron systems as a quantum Lifshitz transition driven by selective-Mott localization in a realistic extended Anderson lattice model. Using dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT), we find that a quantum critical phase with anomalous ω/T scaling separates a heavy Landau-Fermi liquid from ordered phase(s). This(More)
Competition between collective states like charge-density-wave and superconductivity, unencumbered by the spin degrees of freedom, is played out in some of the transition metal dichalcogenides. Although 2H-NbSe2 has received much less attention than some of the other members of the family (such as 1T-TiSe2 and 2H-TaSe2) of late, it shows superconductivity(More)
The interplay between multiple bands, sizable multi-band electronic correlations and strong spin-orbit coupling may conspire in selecting a rather unusual unconventional pairing symmetry in layered Sr2RuO4. This mandates a detailed revisit of the normal state and, in particular, the T-dependent incoherence-coherence crossover. Using a modern(More)