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Using a within-subject cross-over, vehicle-controlled design, we investigated the acute effects of benzodiazepine receptor ligands with different mechanisms of action on the displacement activities (scratching, self-grooming, and body shake) of seven male macaques living in social groups. Our aim was to test the discriminative validity of displacement(More)
Human Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cells recognize nonpeptidic Ags generated by the 1-deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate (many eubacteria, algae, plants, and Apicomplexa) and mevalonate (eukaryotes, archaebacteria, and certain eubacteria) pathways of isoprenoid synthesis. The potent Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cell reactivity 1) against certain cancer cells or 2) induced by infectious(More)
Despite viral vectors being potent inducers of antigen-specific T cells, strategies to further improve their immunogenicity are actively pursued. Of the numerous approaches investigated, fusion of the encoded antigen to major histocompatibility complex class II-associated invariant chain (Ii) has been reported to enhance CD8(+) T-cell responses. We have(More)
Remyelination failure is a key landmark in chronic progression of multiple sclerosis (MS), the most diffuse demyelinating disease in human, but the reasons for this are still unknown. It has been shown that thyroid hormone administration in the rodent models of acute and chronic demyelinating diseases improved their clinical course, pathology and(More)
Remyelination can be very effective in human. However, this process ultimately fails in multiple sclerosis (MS). In this paper, we discuss the possibility of stimulating endogenous oligodendrocyte precursors to participate in remyelination in experimental models (rat and primate Callithrix jacchus) of MS through thyroid hormone (TH) administration. TH is in(More)
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a leading cause of severe respiratory disease in infants and the elderly. No vaccine is presently available to address this major unmet medical need. We generated a new genetic vaccine based on chimpanzee Adenovirus (PanAd3-RSV) and Modified Vaccinia Ankara RSV (MVA-RSV) encoding the F, N, and M2-1 proteins of RSV, for(More)
Disposal facilities for radioactive wastes comprise a series of engineered and natural (geologic) barriers to contain the radionuclides until their radiation hazard has decreased to acceptable levels. It is required that the long-term functionality of the containment barriers be evaluated by a quantitative risk analysis, also termed performance assessment.(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) regeneration after single and repeated doses of diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) was investigated in neostriatum of central nervous system of Balb mice, by means of a microphotometric method. In the present study, three experimental groups received the following DFP treatments: group I was administered a single dose of 3 mg/kg;(More)
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