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The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) is 12 years old and has been revised to include a new section on family history of alcohol, drug, and psychiatric problems. New items were added in existing sections to assess route of drug administration; additional illegal activities; emotional, physical, and sexual abuse; quality of the recovery environment; and history(More)
The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) is a structured clinical interview developed to fill the need for a reliable, valid, and standardized diagnostic and evaluative instrument in the field of alcohol and drug abuse. The ASI may be administered by a technician in 20 to 30 minutes producing 10-point problem severity ratings in each of six areas commonly(More)
The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) is a clinical/research instrument which has been in wide use during the past 6 years to assess the treatment problems found in alcohol- and drug-abusing patients. In a study of male veterans, a preliminary evaluation of the ASI has indicated reliability and validity. The present report presents an expanded examination of(More)
The effects of drug dependence on social systems has helped shape the generally held view that drug dependence is primarily a social problem, not a health problem. In turn, medical approaches to prevention and treatment are lacking. We examined evidence that drug (including alcohol) dependence is a chronic medical illness. A literature review compared the(More)
Repetitive use of psychoactive drugs produces a variety of learned behaviors. These can be classified in the laboratory according to an operant/classical paradigm, but in vivo the two types of learning overlap. The classically conditioned responses produced by drugs are complex and bi-directional. There has been progress in classifying and predicting the(More)
This study investigated the ability of four hypnotically induced mood states (euphoria, depression, anxiety, and anger) to trigger craving and other drug-related conditioned responses in detoxified opiate abuse patients. Hypnotically induced depression produced significant increases in drug craving for opiates. Depression also tended to increase global(More)
This paper describes the development and initial testing of the Treatment Services Review (TSR). The TSR is a 5-minute, technician-administered interview that provides a quantitative profile of the number and types of treatment services received by patients during alcohol and drug abuse rehabilitation. Test-retest studies indicated satisfactory reliability(More)
Our objective was to determine the prevalence and incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and related risk behaviors among opiate-abusing intravenous drug users (IVDUs) either in or out of methadone treatment. The subjects, 152 in-treatment and 103 out-of-treatment intravenous opiate users, were followed prospectively for 18 months.(More)
This study examined the relatively unexplored contribution of the therapist's performance in determining outcomes of treatment. Nine therapists were studied: three performed supportive-expressive psychotherapy; three, cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy; and three, drug counseling. Profound differences were discovered in the therapists' success with the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of US state physician health programmes in treating physicians with substance use disorders. DESIGN Five year, longitudinal, cohort study. SETTING Purposive sample of 16 state physician health programmes in the United States. PARTICIPANTS 904 physicians consecutively admitted to one of the 16 programmes from(More)