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The already known X-ray structures of lipases provide little evidence about initial, discrete structural steps occurring in the first phases of their activation in the presence of lipids (process referred to as interfacial activation). To address this problem, five new Thermomyces (formerly Humicola) lanuginosa lipase (TlL) crystal structures have been(More)
The Coprinus cinereus (CiP) heme peroxidase was subjected to multiple rounds of directed evolution in an effort to produce a mutant suitable for use as a dye-transfer inhibitor in laundry detergent. The wild-type peroxidase is rapidly inactivated under laundry conditions due to the high pH (10.5), high temperature (50 degrees C), and high peroxide(More)
In order to explore the biochemical scope of ochratoxin A-producing penicillia, we screened 48 Penicillium verrucosum isolates for the production of secondary metabolites. Fungal metabolites were analyzed by high-pressure liquid or gas chromatography coupled to diode array detection or mass spectrometry. The following metabolites were identified:(More)
Thermal stability of wild type Humicola lanuginosa lipase (wt HLL) and its two mutants, W89L and the single Trp mutant W89m (W117F, W221H, and W260H), were compared. Differential scanning calorimetry revealed unfolding of HLL at T(d)=74.4 degrees C whereas for W89L and W89m this endotherm was decreased to 68.6 and 62 degrees C, respectively, demonstrating(More)
Chemoresistance represents a major problem in the treatment of many malignancies. Overcoming this obstacle will require improved understanding of the mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon. The progenitor cell marker NG2/melanoma proteoglycan (MPG) is aberrantly expressed by various tumors, but its role in cell death signaling and its potential as a(More)
Novamyl is a thermostable five-domain maltogenic alpha-amylase that shows sequence and structural homology with the cyclodextrin glycosyltransferases (CGTases). Comparing X-ray crystal structures of Novamyl and CGTases, two major differences in the active site cleft were observed: Novamyl contains a loop insertion consisting of five residues (residues(More)
For industrial applications in animal feed, a phytase of interest must be optimally active in the pH range prevalent in the digestive tract. Therefore, the present investigation describes approaches to rationally engineer the pH activity profiles of Aspergillus fumigatus and consensus phytases. Decreasing the negative surface charge of the A. fumigatus Q27L(More)
The importance of electrostatics in catalysis has been emphasized in the literature for a large number of enzymes. We examined this hypothesis for the Bacillus licheniformis alpha-amylase by constructing site-directed mutants that were predicted to change the pKa values of the catalytic residues and thus change the pH-activity profile of the enzyme. To(More)