A. Surjalal Sharma

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Mosquitoes are intermediate hosts for numerous disease causing organisms. Vector control is one of the most investigated strategy for the suppression of mosquito-borne diseases. Anopheles stephensi is one of the vectors of malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax. The parasite undergoes major developmental and maturation steps within the mosquito midgut and little(More)
The purported advantage of lightweight large-pore meshes is improved biocompatibility that translates into lesser postoperative pain and earlier rehabilitation. However, there are concerns of increased hernia recurrence rate. We undertook a prospective randomized clinical trial to compare early and late outcome measures with the use of a lightweight(More)
Laparoscopic technique is now well established for ventral/incisional hernia repair. However several issues such as optimal fixation technique, occult hernias, management of inadvertent enterotomies, postoperative seromas and recurrence require appraisal. A single centre retrospective review of 1,242 patients between January 1992 and June 2005 is described.(More)
Suprapubic hernias are considered difficult to repair laparoscopically due to deficient posterior rectus sheath and proximity to important neurovascular structures and the urinary bladder. We retrospectively reviewed 72 patients (18 males, 54 females) who, between 1998 and 2008, had undergone laparoscopic repair for suprapubic hernial defects located less(More)
BACKGROUND Cholecystoenteric fistulas are a rare complication of gallstone disease and affect 3-5% of patients with cholelithiasis. Most fistulas are diagnosed intraoperatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between January 1997 and June 2003, 12428 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at our department. Cholecystoenteric fistula was diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND A significant portion of head-and-neck cancer patients will develop persistent or recurrent disease after definitive treatment. Radiation therapy is often used as definitive therapy or as an adjunct to surgery. Recurrent cancer of the head and neck in the previously irradiated field is, thus, a common occurrence and poses a therapeutic challenge.(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous classifications for groin and ventral hernias have been proposed over the past five to six decades. The old, simple classification of groin hernia in to direct, inguinal and femoral components is no longer adequate to understand the complex pathophysiology and management of these hernias. The most commonly followed classification for(More)
PURPOSE We report the outcome and toxicities of high dose rate brachytherapy as a boost for localized prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between 1996 and 2003, 309 patients with prostate carcinoma were treated with external beam radiation therapy and high dose rate brachytherapy. Furthermore, 36% of the patients received neoadjuvant/concurrent or(More)
BACKGROUND Choledochal cyst is a rare congenital anomaly of the biliary tract. With increased familiarity with the laparoscopic anatomy of the biliary tract and advances in minimally invasive techniques, surgeons have ventured further to operate on technically difficult cases such as choledochal cyst that were until recently managed by laparotomy. (More)
BACKGROUND Splenectomy is increasingly being performed by various minimal access surgical modalities for select hematologic disorders. METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed on the first 50 patients on whom laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) was attempted. The data studied included indications for surgery, patient demographics, intraoperative(More)