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Desipramine and several other tricyclic antidepressant drugs reverse chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum in vitro at concentrations observed in the plasma of human patients treated for depression. Reversal of resistance is associated with increased chloroquine accumulation in the parasite, probably because of inhibition of a putative chloroquine(More)
In a pilot single-blind study, gamma-vinyl GABA, an enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitor of GABA-transaminase (GABA-T), was administered orally to 10 epileptic patients who were refractory to conventional anticonvulsant therapy. Daily doses of 1 g and 2 g for 2 weeks each as add-on therapy were followed by 2 weeks of placebo treatment. CSF obtained from(More)
The highly selective, enzyme-activated, irreversible inhibitor of L-ornithine decarboxylase, DL-alpha-difluoromethylornithine, suppresses the increase in uterine L-ornithine decarboxylase activity associated with early embryogenesis in the mouse and arrests embryonic development at that stage. Contragestational effects were confirmed in the rat and rabbit.(More)
alpha-Difluoromethylornithine (RMI 71,782), a specific irreversible inhibitor of the first step in polyamine biosynthesis, that is, the formation of putrescine from ornithine by ornithine decarboxylase, cures mice infected with a virulent, rodent-passaged strain of Trypanosoma brucei brucei. This parasite is closely related to the trypanosomes that cause(More)
The occurrence of reversible hearing loss in patients treated with the polyamine biosynthesis inhibitor, alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), led to the hypothesis that this functional hearing deficit might be due to polyamine depletion in the cochlea. To test this hypothesis the polyamine content (putrescine, spermidine and spermine) of the cochleas of(More)
gamma-Acetylenic gamma-aminobutyric acid (gamma-acetylenic GABA) produces several-fold sustained elevations of brain GABA concentrations when administered intraperitoneally to mice. It protects mice against seizures induced by audiogenic stimuli, electroshock, thiosemicarbazide, isoniazid and strychnine. The duration and degree of audiogenic seizure(More)
alpha-Difluoromethyl ornithine and mouse type 1 interferon, when administered simultaneously, were highly toxic to B16 melanoma cells in culture. Oral administration of alpha-difluoromethyl ornithine suppressed B16 melanoma development in mice 85 percent whereas interferon given subcutaneously inhibited tumor growth only 24 percent. Total or near total(More)